Hronologija historije računarstva

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Sistem procesiranja informacije u računarskom hardveru.

Ovaj članak prezentira detaljni spisak događaja, kroz vrijeme, u historiji računarstva.

  • - ? - Abakus-računaljka, najstarije pomagalo pri obavljanju aritmetičkih operacija
  • -1642- Blaise Pascal, prva mehanička računska mašina, osnovni koncept je mehanizacija prenosa kod sabiranja
  • -1671- Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, zupčanik za direktno množenje
  • -1801- Joseph Jacquard, prvi dizajn programibilnog automata, automatizacija tkanja
  • -1834- Babbage/Lovelace dizajn "Analytical Engine"-a
  • -1854- Boole publikovao "Laws of Thought" (Boole-ova algebra i logika)
  • -1928- ENIGMA mašina za kodiranje, Njemačka
  • -1930- Model1, elektromehanički računar, Bell Labs
  • -1938- COLOSSUS, Alan Turing, Flowers and Newman, prvi sveelektronski računarski uređaj
  • -1941- Elektromehanički kalkulator, Konrad Zuse, Austria, 64-word memorija, 3-secs multiplikacija
replika Zuse-ovog uređaja.
  • -1944- MARK I, Elektromehanički računar, Howard Aiken, Harvard University
  • -1945- ENIAC, Electrical Numerical Integrator and Computer J.W.Mauchly/J.P.Eckert; -Prvi "bug" pronađen od Grace Hopper-a
  • -1948- Prvi tranzistor, Bell Labs, Bordeen, Brattain, Shockley;
  • -1949- EDSAC, Maurice Wilkes; -Prvi asemblerski jezik za UNIVAC I
  • -1951- EDVAC, prvi programski storirani računar, John von Neumann i njegov tim
  • -1952- Prvi komercijalni kompajler; -Mikroprogramiranje, Maurice Wilkes
  • -1954- UNIVAC I, prvi kompjuter koji je prodan američkom ministarstvu odbrane; -MATH_MATIC, prvi kompajlirani programski jezik za UNIVAC I;-FORTRAN razvijen u IBM-u; -Prvi asembler, IBM; -IBM 650, prvi masovno proizvedeni računar
  • -1955- TRIDAC, prvi kompjuter koji je koristio tranzistore
  • -1957- Ustanovljenje DEC-a; -IPL, Information Processing Language
  • -1958- ALGOL58,ALGOrithmic Language; -Atlas, virtualna memorija,University of Manchaster
  • -1959- Integrisana kola, Noyce i Moore; -DEC PDP-1 sa monitorom i tastaturom
  • -1962- CTSS, Compatibile Time-Sharing System, autor Corbato na MIT
  • -1964- PL/1 and APL; -DEC PDP-8, prvi masovno proizvedeni miniračunar -IBM System/360
  • -1965- Control Data 6600, prvi uspješni komercijalni superračunar; -BASIC programski jezik; -XDS-940, time-shared system;-Simula ARPANet;-Cache memorija,Wilkes
  • -1966- OS/360; -MULTICS, time-sharing OS, MIT
  • -1968- THE, operativni sistem, Holandija, struktura nivoa i konkurentno procesiranje
  • -1969- Laserski štampač; -UNIX, Thompson i Ritchie,AT&T
  • -1970- Pascal; -RC 4000, Regenecentralen, OS nucleus, ili kernel
  • -1971- Intel, prvi komercijalni mikroprocesor (4004), 4 bit, .06 MIPS, $300
  • -1972- C; -Smaltalk;-DEC PDP 11/45 miniračunar; -Intel 8008 8-bit processor
  • -1973- Ethernet at Xerox PARC; -Winchester hard disk
  • -1975- Altair, 8800 hobi računar, Intel 8080, 1K RAM, $375
  • -1976- MCP, multi CPU operativni sistem; -SCOPE, multi-CPU sistem
  • -1977- Personalni računari: Apple II, Radio Shack TRS80, Commodore PET; -CPM operativni sistem
  • -1978- DEC VAX sa VMS operativnim sistemom
  • -1979- UNIX 3BSD;-Ada;-Visical;
  • -1981- Pojava RISC arhitektura; -IBM PC, 16K RAM; -Xerox Star, prva radna stanica, grafičko-korisnički interfejs, Ethernet, miš, smalltalk
ENIAC
  • -1982- COMPAQ, prvi portabilni računar; -TurboPascal; -Modula 2
  • -1983- Globalni Internet
  • -1984- Apple Macintosh, prvi personalni računar sa grafičko- korisničkim interfejsom; -True BASIC; -SunOS; -PostScript
  • -1985- C++; -Microsoft Windows; -Cray-2; -Connection mašina
  • -1987- OS/2; -4Mbit DRAM čip; -LANs za velike organizacije;
  • -1988- NeXT,UNIX radna stanica, objektno-orijentisani sistem, grafičko-korisnički interfejs; -Internet crv
  • -1989- Motif, standardni grafičko-korisnički interfejs za UNIX radnu stanicu; -Intel 80486 čip
  • -1990- Windows 3.0; -Modula 3; -Bernes-Lee prototip WWW
  • -1992- Sun Solaris multi-thread, multi-processing,UNIX OS; -DEC Alpha, prvi 64-bit RISC chip
  • -1993- Windows NT; -IBM/Apple/Motorola PowerPC processor; -Intel Pentium
  • -1995- Java; -Microsoft Windows/95
  • -1996- Intel Pentium Pro
  • -1997- Pentium II, 10 000 000 tranzistora
  • -1998- Pentium II xeon
  • -1999- Pentium III
  • -2000- Pentium IV, 100 000 000 tranzistora
  • -2002- Itanium , 220 000 000 tranzistora
  • -2003- Itanium II, 410 000 000 tranzistora

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Vanjski linkovi[uredi | uredi izvor]

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