Pierre-Simon Laplace

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Pierre-Simon, marquis de Laplace
Pierre-Simon Laplace.jpg
Rođenje 23. april 1749.
Beaumont-en-Auge, Normandija, Francuska
Smrt 5. mart 1827. (77. godina)
Pariz, Francuska
Prebivalište Francuska
Narodnost Frencuz
Polje Astronomija
Matematika
Institucija École Militaire (1769-1776)
Alma mater Univerzitet u Caenu
Istaknuti studenti Simeon Denis Poisson
Poznat po Rad u nebeskoj mehanici
Laplaceova jednačina
Laplacijan
Laplaceova transformacija
Laplaceova raspodjela
Laplace-Beltramijev operator
Laplaceov demon
Laplaceovo proširenje
Young–Laplaceova jednačina
Diskretni Laplaceov operator
Laplace–Runge–Lenzov vektor
Dvostrana Laplaceova transformacija
Laplaceov zakon
Laplace–Stieltjeseva transformacija
Laplaceov broj
Laplaceova granica
De Moivre–Laplaceov teorem
Laplaceova invarijanta
Log-Laplaceova raspodjela
Laplaceov princip

Pierre-Simon, marquis de Laplace (23. april 1749. - 5. mart 1827. godine) je bio francuski matematičar i astronom, čiji su radovi bili osnov za razvoj matematičke astronomije. Sumirao je i proširio radove svojih prethodnika u svojoj knjizi od pet svezaka pod nazivom Mécanique Céleste (Nebeska mehanika) (1799-1825. godine). Ovaj rad je proučavanje klasične mehanike pomoću geometrije zamijenio proučavanjem na osnovu kalkulusa, štoje otvorilo veći spektar problema za rješavanje.

Reference[uredi | uredi izvor]

Bibliografija[uredi | uredi izvor]

Od Laplacea[uredi | uredi izvor]

Engleski prijevodi[uredi | uredi izvor]

O Laplaceu i njegovom radu[uredi | uredi izvor]

  • Andoyer, H. (1922). L'œuvre scientifique de Laplace, Paris: Payot. (in French)
  • Bigourdan, G. (1931). "La jeunesse de P.-S. Laplace". La Science moderne 9: 377–384.
  • Crosland, M. (1967). The Society of Arcueil: A View of French Science at the Time of Napoleon I, Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-435-54201-X. ISBN 0-435-54201-X.
  • Dale, A. I. (1982). "Bayes or Laplace? an examination of the origin and early application of Bayes' theorem". Archive for the History of the Exact Sciences 27: 23–47.
  • David, F. N. (1965) "Some notes on Laplace", in Neyman, J. & LeCam, L. M. (eds) Bernoulli, Bayes and Laplace, Berlin, pp30-44
  • Deakin, M. A. B. (1981). "The development of the Laplace transform". Archive for the History of the Exact Sciences 25: 343–390.
  • — (1982). "The development of the Laplace transform". Archive for the History of the Exact Sciences 26: 351–381.
  • Dhombres, J. (1989). "La théorie de la capillarité selon Laplace: mathématisation superficielle ou étendue". Revue d'Histoire des sciences et de leurs applications 62: 43–70.
  • Duveen, D. & Hahn, R. (1957). "Laplace's succession to Bezout's post of Examinateur des élèves de l'artillerie". Isis 48: 416–427.
  • Finn, B. S. (1964). "Laplace and the speed of sound". Isis 55: 7–19.
  • Fourier, J. B. J. (1827). "Éloge historique de M. le Marquis de Laplace". Mémoires de l'Académie Royale des Sciences 10: lxxxi–cii., delivered 15 June 1829, published in 1831. (in French)
  • Gillispie, C. C. (1972). "Probability and politics: Laplace, Condorcet, and Turgot". Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 116(1): 1–20.
  • — (1997) Pierre Simon Laplace 1749-1827: A Life in Exact Science, Princeton: Princeton University Press, ISBN 0-691-01185-0
  • Grattan-Guiness, I., 2005, "'Exposition du système du monde' and 'Traité de méchanique céleste'" in his Landmark Writings in Western Mathematics. Elsevier: 242-57.
  • Hahn, R. (1955). "Laplace's religious views". Archives internationales d'histoire des sciences 8: 38–40.
  • — (1982). Calendar of the Correspondence of Pierre Simon Laplace, Berkeley Papers in the History of Science, vol.8, Berkeley, CA: University of California.
  • — (1994). New Calendar of the Correspondence of Pierre Simon Laplace, Berkeley Papers in the History of Science, vol.16, Berkeley, CA: University of California.
  • — (2005) Pierre Simon Laplace 1749-1827: A Determined Scientist, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, ISBN 0-674-01892-3
  • Israel, Werner (1987), "Dark stars: the evolution of an idea", in Hawking, Stephen W.; Israel, Werner, 300 Years of Gravitation, Cambridge University Press, str. 199–276 
  • Rouse Ball, W. W. [1908] (2003) "Pierre Simon Laplace (1749 - 1827)", in A Short Account of the History of Mathematics, 4th ed., Dover, ISBN 0-486-20630-0
  • Stigler, S. M. (1975). "Napoleonic statistics: the work of Laplace". Biometrika 62: 503–517.
  • — (1978). "Laplace's early work: chronology and citations". Isis 69(2): 234–254.
  • Whitrow, G. J. (2001) "Laplace, Pierre-Simon, marquis de", Encyclopaedia Britannica, Deluxe CDROM edition
  • Whittaker, E. T. (1949a). "Laplace". Mathematical Gazette 33: 1–12.
  • — (1949b). "Laplace". American Mathematical Monthly 56(6): 369–372.
  • Wilson, C. (1985). "The Great Inequality of Jupiter and Saturn: from Kepler to Laplace". Archive for the History of the Exact Sciences 33(1-3): 15–290.
  • Young, T. (1821). Elementary Illustrations of the Celestial Mechanics of Laplace: Part the First, Comprehending the First Book, London: John Murray. (available from Google Books)

Vanjski linkovi[uredi | uredi izvor]


Prethodnik
Nicolas Marie Quinette
Ministar unutrašnjih poslova
novembar - decembar 1799.
Nasljednik
Lucien Bonaparte
Prethodnik
Michel-Louis-Étienne Regnaud de Saint-Jean d'Angély
sjedište 8
Académie française

1816. - 1827.
Nasljednik
Pierre-Paul Royer-Collard


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