Svjetski rekordi u plivanju

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Svjetske rekorde u plivanju ratificira Svjetska plivačka federacija. Rekordi se mogu odnositi na 50-metarske bazene (olimpijske ili duge) i 25-metarske (kratke). FINA priznaje svjetske rekorde u sljedećim disciplinama za muškarce i žene[1]:

  • slobodni stil: 50 m, 100 m, 200 m, 400 m, 800 m, 1500 m
  • leđni stil: 50 m, 100 m, 200 m
  • prsni stil: 50 m, 100 m, 200 m
  • delfinov (leptirov) stil: 50 m, 100 m, 200 m
  • mješovito (pojedinačno): 100 m (samo u kratkim bazenima), 200 m, 400 m
  • štafete: 4 × 100 m slobodno, 4 × 200 m slobodno, 4 × 100 m mješovito.

Rekordi u dugim bazenima daleko su stariji od rekorda u kratkim i općenito se smatraju prestižnijima. Oni vuku porijeklo s početka 20. vijeka (nešto kasnije u slučaju delfinovog stila, koji se razvio iz prsnog). Rekorde u kratkim bazenima FINA je počela priznavati u martu 1991. ustanovljavanjem standardnog vremena u svakoj disciplini (općenito poznato kao najbolji rezultat u svijetu) koje je moralo biti poboljšano kako bi FINA priznala svjetski rekord.

Proces ratifikacije opisan je u FINA-inom pravilu SW12[1], a uključuje predaju dokumenata koji potvrđuju tačnost mjernog sistema i dužinu bazena, zadovoljavanje FINA-inih pravila koja se odnose na plivačke kostime i negativan doping-test dotičnih plivač(ic)a.

Većinu rekorda navedenih ispod postigli su plivači koji su nosili plivačke (polu)kostime od poliuretana ili drugih netekstilnih materijala, čija je upotreba bila dozvoljena od februara 2008. do decembra 2009. Uoči SP u vodenim sportovima 2009. u Rimu međunarodno upravno tijelo za 5 olimpijskih vodenih sportova izglasalo je zabranu upotrebe ovih plivačkih kostima i svih kostima od netekstilnog materijala, počevši od 1. januara 2010.[2][3] Činilo se da ovi kostimi poboljšavaju performanse kod snažnijih plivača, te da to poboljšavanje nije jednako kod svih takmičara, tj. da zavisi od morfologije i fiziologije.[4]

50-metarski bazen[uredi | uredi izvor]

Muškarci[uredi | uredi izvor]

Disciplina Rezultat Plivač Datum Mjesto Izvor
50 m slobodno 20.91 Flag of Brazil.svg César Cielo Filho 18. decembar 2009. Flag of Brazil.svg São Paulo [5]
100 m slobodno 46.91 Flag of Brazil.svg César Cielo Filho 30. juli 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [6]
200 m slobodno 1:42.00 Flag of Germany.svg Paul Biedermann 28. juli 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [7]
400 m slobodno 3:40.07 Flag of Germany.svg Paul Biedermann 26. juli 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [8]
800 m slobodno 7:32.12 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Zhang Lin 29. juli 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [9]
1500 m slobodno 14:31.02 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Sun Yang 4. august 2012. Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London [10]
50 m leđno 24.04 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Liam Tancock 2. august 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [11]
100 m leđno 51.94 Flag of the United States.svg Aaron Peirsol 8. juli 2009. Flag of the United States.svg Indianapolis [12]
200 m leđno 1:51.92 Flag of the United States.svg Aaron Peirsol 31. juli 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [13]
50 m prsno 26.67 Flag of South Africa.svg Cameron van der Burgh 29. juli 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [14]
100 m prsno 58.46 Flag of South Africa.svg Cameron van der Burgh 29. juli 2012. Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London [15]
200 m prsno 2:07.01 Flag of Japan.svg Akihiro Yamaguchi 15. septembar 2012. Flag of Japan.svg Gifu [16]
50 m delfin 22.43 Flag of Spain.svg Rafael Muñoz 5. april 2009. Flag of Spain.svg Málaga [17]
100 m delfin 49.82 Flag of the United States.svg Michael Phelps 1. august 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [18]
200 m delfin 1:51.51 Flag of the United States.svg Michael Phelps 29. juli 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [19]
200 m mješovito 1:54.00 Flag of the United States.svg Ryan Lochte 28. juli 2011. Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Šangaj [20]
400 m mješovito 4:03.84 Flag of the United States.svg Michael Phelps 10. august 2008. Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Peking [21]
4 × 100 m slobodno 3:08.24 Flag of the United States.svg
Michael Phelps (47.51)
Garrett Weber-Gale (47.02)
Cullen Jones (47.65)
Jason Lezak (46.06)
11. august 2008. Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Peking [22]
4 × 200 m slobodno 6:58.55 Flag of the United States.svg
Michael Phelps (1:44.49)
Ricky Berens (1:44.13)
David Walters (1:45.47)
Ryan Lochte (1:44.46)
31. juli 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [23]
4 × 100 m mješovito 3:27.28 Flag of the United States.svg
Aaron Peirsol (52.19)
Eric Shanteau (58.57)
Michael Phelps (49.72)
David Walters (46.80)
2. august 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [24]

Žene[uredi | uredi izvor]

Disciplina Rezultat Plivačica Datum Mjesto Izvor
50 m slobodno 23.73 Flag of Germany.svg Britta Steffen 2. august 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [25]
100 m slobodno 52.07 Flag of Germany.svg Britta Steffen 2. august 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [26]
200 m slobodno 1:55.52 Flag of Italy.svg Federica Pellegrini 29. juli 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [27]
400 m slobodno 3:59.15 Flag of Italy.svg Federica Pellegrini 26. juli 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [28]
800 m slobodno 8:13.86 Flag of the United States.svg Katie Ledecky 3. august 2013. Flag of Spain.svg Barcelona [29]
1500 m slobodno 15:36.53 Flag of the United States.svg Katie Ledecky 30. juli 2013. Flag of Spain.svg Barcelona [30][31]
50 m leđno 27.06 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Zhao Jing 30. juli 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [32]
100 m leđno 58.12 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Gemma Spofforth 28. juli 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [33]
200 m leđno 2:04.06 Flag of the United States.svg Missy Franklin 3. august 2012. Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London [34]
50 m prsno 29.48 Flag of Lithuania.svg Rūta Meilutytė 3. august 2013. Flag of Spain.svg Barcelona [35]
100 m prsno 1:04.35 Flag of Lithuania.svg Rūta Meilutytė 29. juli 2013. Flag of Spain.svg Barcelona [36]
200 m prsno 2:19.11 Flag of Denmark.svg Rikke Møller Pedersen 1. august 2013. Flag of Spain.svg Barcelona [37]
50 m delfin 25.07 Flag of Sweden.svg Therese Alshammar 31. juli 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [38]
100 m delfin 55.98 Flag of the United States.svg Dana Vollmer 29. juli 2012. Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London [39]
200 m delfin 2:01.81 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Liu Zige 21. oktobar 2009. Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Jinan [40]
200 m mješovito 2:06.15 Flag of the United States.svg Ariana Kukors 27. juli 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [41]
400 m mješovito 4:28.43 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Ye Shiwen 28. juli 2012. Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London [42]
4 × 100 m slobodno 3:31.72 Flag of the Netherlands.svg
Inge Dekker (53.61)
Ranomi Kromowidjojo (52.30)
Femke Heemskerk (53.03)
Marleen Veldhuis (52.78)
26. juli 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [43]
4 × 200 m slobodno 7:42.08 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
Yang Yu (1:55.47)
Zhu Qianwei (1:55.79)
Liu Jing (1:56.09)
Pang Jiaying (1:54.73)
30. juli 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [44]
4 × 100 m mješovito 3:52.05 Flag of the United States.svg
Missy Franklin (58.50)
Rebecca Soni (1:04.82)
Dana Vollmer (55.48)
Allison Schmitt (53.25)
4. august 2012. Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London [45]

25-metarski bazen[uredi | uredi izvor]

Muškarci[uredi | uredi izvor]

Disciplina Rezultat Plivač Datum Mjesto Izvor
50 m slobodno 20.30 Flag of South Africa.svg Roland Mark Schoeman 8. august 2009. Flag of South Africa.svg Pietermaritzburg [46]
100 m slobodno 44.94 Flag of France.svg Amaury Leveaux 13. decembar 2008. Flag of Croatia.svg Rijeka [47]
200 m slobodno 1:39.37 Flag of Germany.svg Paul Biedermann 15. novembar 2009. Flag of Germany.svg Berlin [48]
400 m slobodno 3:32.25 Flag of France.svg Yannick Agnel 15. novembar 2012. Flag of France.svg Angers [49]
800 m slobodno 7:23.42 Flag of Australia.svg Grant Hackett 20. juli 2008. Flag of Australia.svg Melbourne [50]
1500 m slobodno 14:10.10 Flag of Australia.svg Grant Hackett 7. august 2001. Flag of Australia.svg Perth [51]
50 m leđno 22.61 Flag of the United States.svg Peter Marshall 22. novembar 2009. Flag of Singapore.svg Singapur [52]
100 m leđno 48.94 Flag of the United States.svg Nick Thoman 18. decembar 2009. Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Manchester [53]
200 m leđno 1:46.11 Flag of Russia.svg Arkadij Vjačanjin 15. novembar 2009. Flag of Germany.svg Berlin [54]
50 m prsno 25.25 Flag of South Africa.svg Cameron van der Burgh 14. novembar 2009. Flag of Germany.svg Berlin [55]
100 m prsno 55.61 Flag of South Africa.svg Cameron van der Burgh 15. novembar 2009. Flag of Germany.svg Berlin [56]
200 m prsno 2:00.67 Flag of Hungary.svg Dániel Gyurta 13. decembar 2009. Flag of Turkey.svg Istanbul [57]
50 m delfin 21.80 Flag of Germany.svg Steffen Deibler 14. novembar 2009. Flag of Germany.svg Berlin [58]
100 m delfin 48.48 Flag of Russia.svg Jevgenij Korotiškin 15. novembar 2009. Flag of Germany.svg Berlin [59]
200 m delfin 1:49.11 Flag of Brazil.svg Kaio de Almeida 10. novembar 2009. Flag of Sweden.svg Stockholm [60]
100 m mješovito 50.71 Flag of the United States.svg Ryan Lochte 15. decembar 2012. Flag of Turkey.svg Istanbul [61]
200 m mješovito 1:49.63 Flag of the United States.svg Ryan Lochte 14. decembar 2012. Flag of Turkey.svg Istanbul [62]
400 m mješovito 3:55.50 Flag of the United States.svg Ryan Lochte 16. decembar 2010. Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg Dubai [63]
4 × 100 m slobodno 3:03.30 Flag of the United States.svg
Nathan Adrian (45.08)
Matt Grevers (44.68)
Garrett Weber-Gale (47.43)
Michael Phelps (46.11)
19. decembar 2009. Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Manchester [64]
4 × 200 m slobodno 6:49.04 Flag of Russia.svg
Nikita Lobincev (1:42.10)
Danila Izotov (1:42.15)
Jevgenij Lagunov (1:42.47)
Aleksandar Suhorukov (1:42.47)
16. decembar 2010. Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg Dubai [65]
4 × 100 m mješovito 3:19.16 Flag of Russia.svg
Stanislav Donjec (49.63)
Sergej Gejbel (56.43)
Jevgenij Korotiškin (48.35)
Danila Izotov (44.75)
20. decembar 2009. Flag of Russia.svg Sankt Peterburg [66]

Žene[uredi | uredi izvor]

Disciplina Rezultat Plivačica Datum Mjesto Izvor
50 m slobodno 23.25 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Marleen Veldhuis 13. april 2008. Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Manchester [67]
100 m slobodno 51.01 Flag of Australia.svg Libby Trickett 10. august 2009. Flag of Australia.svg Hobart [68]
200 m slobodno 1:51.17 Flag of Italy.svg Federica Pellegrini 13. decembar 2009. Flag of Turkey.svg Istanbul [69]
400 m slobodno 3:54.85 Flag of France.svg Camille Muffat 24. novembar 2012. Flag of France.svg Chartres [70]
800 m slobodno 8:01.06 Flag of France.svg Camille Muffat 16. novembar 2012. Flag of France.svg Angers [71]
1500 m slobodno 15:28.65 Flag of Denmark.svg Lotte Friis 28. novembar 2009. Flag of Denmark.svg Birkerød [72]
50 m leđno 25.70 Flag of Croatia.svg Sanja Jovanović 12. decembar 2009. Flag of Turkey.svg Istanbul [73]
100 m leđno 55.23 Flag of Japan.svg Shiho Sakai 15. novembar 2009. Flag of Germany.svg Berlin [74]
200 m leđno 2:00.03 Flag of the United States.svg Missy Franklin 22. oktobar 2011. Flag of Germany.svg Berlin [75]
50 m prsno 28.80 Flag of the United States.svg Jessica Hardy 15. novembar 2009. Flag of Germany.svg Berlin [76]
100 m prsno 1:02.70 Flag of the United States.svg Rebecca Soni 19. decembar 2009. Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Manchester [77]
200 m prsno 2:14.57 Flag of the United States.svg Rebecca Soni 18. decembar 2009. Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Manchester [78]
50 m delfin 24.38 Flag of Sweden.svg Therese Alshammar 22. novembar 2009. Flag of Singapore.svg Singapur [52]
100 m delfin 55.05 Flag of France.svg Diane Bui Duyet 13. decembar 2009. Flag of Turkey.svg Istanbul [79]
200 m delfin 2:00.78 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Liu Zige 15. novembar 2009. Flag of Germany.svg Berlin [80]
100 m mješovito 57.74 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Hinkelien Schreuder 15. novembar 2009. Flag of Germany.svg Berlin [81]
200 m mješovito 2:04.60 Flag of the United States.svg Julia Smit 19. decembar 2009. Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Manchester [82]
400 m mješovito 4:21.04 Flag of the United States.svg Julia Smit 18. decembar 2009. Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Manchester [83]
4 × 100 m slobodno 3:28.22 Flag of the Netherlands.svg
Hinkelien Schreuder (52.88)
Inge Dekker (52.24)
Ranomi Kromowidjojo (52.12)
Marleen Veldhuis (50.98)
19. decembar 2008. Flag of the Netherlands.svg Amsterdam [84]
4 × 200 m slobodno 7:35.94 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
Chen Qian (1:54.73)
Tang Yi (1:53.54)
Liu Jing (1:53.59)
Zhu Qianwei (1:54.08)
15. decembar 2010. Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg Dubai [85]
4 × 100 m mješovito 3:45.56 Flag of the United States.svg
Natalie Coughlin (55.97)
Rebecca Soni (1:02.91)
Dana Vollmer (55.36)
Missy Franklin (51.32)
16. decembar 2011. Flag of the United States.svg Atlanta [86]

Galerija[uredi | uredi izvor]

Neki od trenutnih svjetskih rekordera:

Također pogledajte[uredi | uredi izvor]

Reference[uredi | uredi izvor]

  1. ^ a b FINA Technical Rules SW12.1 and 12.2.
  2. ^ High-tech records to stand.
  3. ^ Dillman, Lisa. "FINA bans bodysuits that have led to spate of world records", Los Angeles Times, 25. 7. 2009. Postavljeno dana 27. 7. 2011. 
  4. ^ Dampf, Andrew. "New Suits Mean No More Records in Swimming", ABC News, 22. 6. 2011. Postavljeno dana 27. 7. 2011. 
  5. ^ "Brazil Long Course Championships: Flash! Cesar Cielo Sets World Record", Swimming World Magazine, 18. 12. 2009.
  6. ^ http://www.swimnews.com/news/view/7145
  7. ^ http://www.swimnews.com/news/view/7118
  8. ^ http://www.swimnews.com/news/view/7091
  9. ^ http://www.swimnews.com/news/view/7134
  10. ^ "Men's 1500m Freestyle", London2012.com.
  11. ^ "Tancock claims gold for Britain", BBC Sport, 2. 8. 2009.
  12. ^ http://www.omegatiming.com/File/Download?id=0001090E0016000000FFFFFFFFFFFF01
  13. ^ http://www.swimnews.com/news/view/7161
  14. ^ http://www.omegatiming.com/File/Download?id=0001090B0032000000FFFFFFFFFFFF01
  15. ^ "Men's 100m Breaststroke", London2012.com.
  16. ^ "Schoolboy Akihiro breaks 200m breaststroke world record", TheStar.com.my, 16. 9. 2012.
  17. ^ www.swimnews.com/news/view/6771
  18. ^ http://www.swimnews.com/news/view/7176
  19. ^ http://www.swimnews.com/news/view/7132
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  21. ^ Greg Bishop, "Phelps Smashes World Record to Win Gold", The New York Times, 9. 8, 2008.
  22. ^ Karen Crouse, "Lezak, Not Phelps, Puts on a Show", New York Times, 10. 8. 2008.
  23. ^ http://www.swimnews.com/news/view/7164
  24. ^ http://www.swimnews.com/news/view/7192
  25. ^ http://www.swimnews.com/news/view/7188
  26. ^ http://www.swimnews.com/news/view/7160
  27. ^ http://www.swimnews.com/news/view/7133
  28. ^ http://www.swimnews.com/news/view/7093
  29. ^ 15th FINA World championships 800m Freestyle Women's Final Results.
  30. ^ 15th FINA World championships 1500m Freestyle Women's Final Results.
  31. ^ Lord, Craig. "Ledecky (15.36.53 WR) & Friis Race Through Time Warp", swimvortex.com, 30. 7. 2013. Postavljeno dana 30. 7. 2013. 
  32. ^ http://www.swimnews.com/news/view/7148
  33. ^ http://www.swimnews.com/news/view/7119
  34. ^ https://archive.is/20130103191350/www.london2012.com/swimming/event/women-200m-backstroke/phase=sww042100/index.html
  35. ^ 15th FINA World championships 50m Breaststroke Women's Heats Results.
  36. ^ 15th FINA World championships 100m Breaststroke Women's Semifinal Results.
  37. ^ 15th FINA World championships 200m Breaststroke Women's Semifinal Results.
  38. ^ http://www.swimnews.com/news/view/7162
  39. ^ "Dana Vollmer Clears 56-Second Barrier, Sets World Record in 100 Fly", Swimming World Magazine, 29. 7. 2012.
  40. ^ http://www.swimnews.com/news/view/7273
  41. ^ http://www.swimnews.com/news/view/7108
  42. ^ "China's Ye Shiwen Crushes World Record in 400 IM", Swimming World Magazine, 28. 7. 2012.
  43. ^ http://www.swimnews.com/news/view/7094
  44. ^ http://www.swimnews.com/news/view/7149
  45. ^ "Swimming – Women's 4x100–Meter Medley Relay Live - London Olympics", Yahoo! Sports Philippines, 4. 8. 2012.
  46. ^ "Cameron van der Burgh Sets Two World Records, Roland Schoeman Lowers One", Swimming World Magazine, 8. 8. 2009.
  47. ^ http://www.swimnews.com/news/view/6600
  48. ^ http://www.swimnews.com/news/view/7314
  49. ^ "Flash! Yannick Agnel Downs World Record in 400 Free at French Nationals", Swimming World Magazine, 15. 11. 2012.
  50. ^ "Grant Hackett Crushes 800 Free World Record Over Short Course", Swimming World Magazine, 19. 7. 2008.
  51. ^ "Australian Swimmer Hackett Breaks 1500 Meters Short-Course World Record", English.People.com, 8. 8. 2001.
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  64. ^ http://www.omegatiming.com/File/Download?id=00010900001D000000FFFFFFFFFFFF01
  65. ^ http://www.omegatiming.com/File/Download?id=00010A000028000000FFFFFFFFFFFF01
  66. ^ "Salnikov Cup: Russian Foursome Breaks World Record", Swimming World Magazine, 20. 12. 2009.
  67. ^ http://www.swimnews.com/News/view/6064
  68. ^ "Three WRs fall at short course champs", ABC News (Australija), 11. 8. 2009.
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  70. ^ "Flash! Camille Muffat Downs 400 Free World Record; Vlad Morozov Posts Textile Best", Swimming World Magazine, 24. 11. 2012.
  71. ^ "Flash! Camille Muffat Shatters Short Course 800 Free World Record", Swimming World Magazine, 16. 11. 2012.
  72. ^ "Lotte Friis Breaks World Record in 1500 Free", Swimming World Magazine, 29. 11. 2000.
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