Svjetski rekordi u plivanju

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Svjetske rekorde u plivanju ratificira Svjetska plivačka federacija. Rekordi se mogu odnositi na 50-metarske bazene (olimpijske ili duge) i 25-metarske (kratke). FINA priznaje svjetske rekorde u sljedećim disciplinama za muškarce i žene[1]:

  • slobodni stil: 50 m, 100 m, 200 m, 400 m, 800 m, 1500 m
  • leđni stil: 50 m, 100 m, 200 m
  • prsni stil: 50 m, 100 m, 200 m
  • delfinov (leptirov) stil: 50 m, 100 m, 200 m
  • mješovito (pojedinačno): 100 m (samo u kratkim bazenima), 200 m, 400 m
  • štafete: 4 × 50 m slobodno (samo u kratkim bazenima), 4 × 100 m slobodno, 4 × 200 m slobodno, 4 × 50 m mješovito (samo u kratkim bazenima), 4 × 100 m mješovito, 4 × 50 m slobodno - mješovita štafeta (samo u kratkim bazenima), 4 × 100 m slobodno - mješovita štafeta, 4 × 50 m mješovito - mješovita štafeta (samo u kratkim bazenima), 4 × 100 m mješovito - mješovita štafeta.

Rekordi u dugim bazenima daleko su stariji od rekorda u kratkim i općenito se smatraju prestižnijima. Oni vuku porijeklo s početka 20. vijeka (nešto kasnije u slučaju delfinovog stila, koji se razvio iz prsnog). Rekorde u kratkim bazenima FINA je počela priznavati u martu 1991. ustanovljavanjem standardnog vremena u svakoj disciplini (općenito poznato kao najbolji rezultat u svijetu) koje je moralo biti poboljšano kako bi FINA priznala svjetski rekord.

Proces ratifikacije opisan je u FINA-inom pravilu SW12[1], a uključuje predaju dokumenata koji potvrđuju tačnost mjernog sistema i dužinu bazena, zadovoljavanje FINA-inih pravila koja se odnose na plivačke kostime i negativan doping-test dotičnih plivač(ic)a.

Većinu rekorda navedenih ispod postigli su plivači koji su nosili plivačke (polu)kostime od poliuretana ili drugih netekstilnih materijala, čija je upotreba bila dozvoljena od februara 2008. do decembra 2009. Uoči SP u vodenim sportovima 2009. u Rimu međunarodno upravno tijelo za 5 olimpijskih vodenih sportova izglasalo je zabranu upotrebe ovih plivačkih kostima i svih kostima od netekstilnog materijala, počevši od 1. januara 2010.[2][3] Činilo se da ovi kostimi poboljšavaju performanse kod snažnijih plivača, te da to poboljšavanje nije jednako kod svih takmičara, tj. da zavisi od morfologije i fiziologije.[4]

50-metarski bazen[uredi | uredi izvor]

Napomena: Podaci u svim tabelama važe zaključno sa 12. 12. 2014.

Muškarci[uredi | uredi izvor]

Disciplina Rezultat Plivač Datum Mjesto Izvor
50 m slobodno 20.91 Flag of Brazil.svg César Cielo Filho 18. decembar 2009. Flag of Brazil.svg São Paulo [5]
100 m slobodno 46.91 Flag of Brazil.svg César Cielo Filho 30. juli 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [6]
200 m slobodno 1:42.00 Flag of Germany.svg Paul Biedermann 28. juli 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [7]
400 m slobodno 3:40.07 Flag of Germany.svg Paul Biedermann 26. juli 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [8]
800 m slobodno 7:32.12 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Zhang Lin 29. juli 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [9]
1500 m slobodno 14:31.02 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Sun Yang 4. august 2012. Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London [10]
50 m leđno 24.04 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Liam Tancock 2. august 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [11]
100 m leđno 51.94 Flag of the United States.svg Aaron Peirsol 8. juli 2009. Flag of the United States.svg Indianapolis [12]
200 m leđno 1:51.92 Flag of the United States.svg Aaron Peirsol 31. juli 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [13]
50 m prsno 26.62 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Adam Peaty 22. august 2014. Flag of Germany.svg Berlin [14]
100 m prsno 58.46 Flag of South Africa.svg Cameron van der Burgh 29. juli 2012. Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London [15]
200 m prsno 2:07.01 Flag of Japan.svg Akihiro Yamaguchi 15. septembar 2012. Flag of Japan.svg Gifu [16]
50 m delfin 22.43 Flag of Spain.svg Rafael Muñoz 5. april 2009. Flag of Spain.svg Málaga [17]
100 m delfin 49.82 Flag of the United States.svg Michael Phelps 1. august 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [18]
200 m delfin 1:51.51 Flag of the United States.svg Michael Phelps 29. juli 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [19]
200 m mješovito 1:54.00 Flag of the United States.svg Ryan Lochte 28. juli 2011. Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Šangaj [20]
400 m mješovito 4:03.84 Flag of the United States.svg Michael Phelps 10. august 2008. Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Peking [21]
4 × 100 m slobodno 3:08.24 SAD
Michael Phelps (47.51)
Garrett Weber-Gale (47.02)
Cullen Jones (47.65)
Jason Lezak (46.06)
11. august 2008. Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Peking [22]
4 × 200 m slobodno 6:58.55 SAD
Michael Phelps (1:44.49)
Ricky Berens (1:44.13)
David Walters (1:45.47)
Ryan Lochte (1:44.46)
31. juli 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [23]
4 × 100 m mješovito 3:27.28 SAD
Aaron Peirsol (52.19)
Eric Shanteau (58.57)
Michael Phelps (49.72)
David Walters (46.80)
2. august 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [24]

Žene[uredi | uredi izvor]

Disciplina Rezultat Plivačica Datum Mjesto Izvor
50 m slobodno 23.73 Flag of Germany.svg Britta Steffen 2. august 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [25]
100 m slobodno 52.07 Flag of Germany.svg Britta Steffen 2. august 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [26]
200 m slobodno 1:52.98 Flag of Italy.svg Federica Pellegrini 29. juli 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [27]
400 m slobodno 3:58.37 Flag of the United States.svg Katie Ledecki 23. august 2014. Flag of Australia.svg Gold Coast [28]
800 m slobodno 8:11.00 Flag of the United States.svg Katie Ledecky 22. juni 2014. Flag of the United States.svg Shenandoah [29]
1500 m slobodno 15:28.36 Flag of the United States.svg Katie Ledecky 24. august 2014. Flag of Australia.svg Gold Coast [30]
50 m leđno 27.06 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Zhao Jing 30. juli 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [31]
100 m leđno 58.12 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Gemma Spofforth 28. juli 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [32]
200 m leđno 2:04.06 Flag of the United States.svg Missy Franklin 3. august 2012. Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London [33]
50 m prsno 29.48 Flag of Lithuania.svg Rūta Meilutytė 3. august 2013. Flag of Spain.svg Barcelona [34]
100 m prsno 1:04.35 Flag of Lithuania.svg Rūta Meilutytė 29. juli 2013. Flag of Spain.svg Barcelona [35]
200 m prsno 2:19.11 Flag of Denmark.svg Rikke Møller Pedersen 1. august 2013. Flag of Spain.svg Barcelona [36]
50 m delfin 24.43 Flag of Sweden.svg Sarah Sjöström 5. juli 2014. Flag of Sweden.svg Borås [37]
100 m delfin 55.98 Flag of the United States.svg Dana Vollmer 29. juli 2012. Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London [38]
200 m delfin 2:01.81 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Liu Zige 21. oktobar 2009. Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Jinan [39]
200 m mješovito 2:06.15 (27.72; 31.52; 37.07; 29.84) Flag of the United States.svg Ariana Kukors 27. juli 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [40]
400 m mješovito 4:28.43 (1:02.19; 1:09.54; 1:18.02; 58.68) Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Ye Shiwen 28. juli 2012. Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London [41]
4 × 100 m slobodno 3:30.98 Flag of Australia.svg Australija
Bronte Campbell (53.15)
Melanie Schlanger (52.76)
Emma McKeon (52.91)
Cate Campbell (52.16)
24. juli 2014. Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Glasgow [42]
4 × 200 m slobodno 7:42.08 Kina
Yang Yu (1:55.47)
Zhu Qianwei (1:55.79)
Liu Jing (1:56.09)
Pang Jiaying (1:54.73)
30. juli 2009. Flag of Italy.svg Rim [43]
4 × 100 m mješovito 3:52.05 SAD
Missy Franklin (58.50)
Rebecca Soni (1:04.82)
Dana Vollmer (55.48)
Allison Schmitt (53.25)
4. august 2012. Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London [44]

Mješovite štafete[uredi | uredi izvor]

Disciplina Rezultat Plivači Datum Mjesto Izvor
4 × 100 m slobodno - mješovita štafeta 3:23.29 Flag of Australia.svg Australija
Tommaso D'Orsogna (49.65)
Cate Campbell (52.83)
James Magnussen (47.29)
Bronte Campbell (53.52)
1. februar 2014. Flag of Australia.svg Perth [45]
4 × 100 m mješovito - mješovita štafeta 3:44.02 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Ujedinjeno Kraljevstvo
Christopher Walker-Hebborn (53.68)
Adam Peaty (59.30)
Jemma Lowe (57.51)
Francesca Halsall (53.53)
19. august 2014. Flag of Germany.svg Berlin [46]

25-metarski bazen[uredi | uredi izvor]

Muškarci[uredi | uredi izvor]

Disciplina Rezultat Plivač Datum Mjesto Izvor
50 m slobodno 20.26 Flag of France.svg Florent Manaudou 5. decembar 2014. Flag of Qatar.svg Doha [47]
100 m slobodno 44.94 Flag of France.svg Amaury Leveaux 13. decembar 2008. Flag of Croatia.svg Rijeka [48]
200 m slobodno 1:39.37 Flag of Germany.svg Paul Biedermann 15. novembar 2009. Flag of Germany.svg Berlin [49]
400 m slobodno 3:32.25 Flag of France.svg Yannick Agnel 15. novembar 2012. Flag of France.svg Angers [50]
800 m slobodno 7:23.42 Flag of Australia.svg Grant Hackett 20. juli 2008. Flag of Australia.svg Melbourne [51]
1500 m slobodno 14:10.10 Flag of Australia.svg Grant Hackett 7. august 2001. Flag of Australia.svg Perth [52]
50 m leđno 22.22 Flag of France.svg Florent Manaudou 6. decembar 2014. Flag of Qatar.svg Doha [53]
100 m leđno 48.94 Flag of the United States.svg Nick Thoman 18. decembar 2009. Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Manchester [54]
200 m leđno 1:46.11 Flag of Russia.svg Arkadij Vjačanjin 15. novembar 2009. Flag of Germany.svg Berlin [55]
50 m prsno 25.25 Flag of South Africa.svg Cameron van der Burgh 14. novembar 2009. Flag of Germany.svg Berlin [56]
100 m prsno 55.61 Flag of South Africa.svg Cameron van der Burgh 15. novembar 2009. Flag of Germany.svg Berlin [57]
200 m prsno 2:00.48 Flag of Hungary.svg Dániel Gyurta 31. august 2014. Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg Dubai [58]
50 m delfin 21.80 Flag of Germany.svg Steffen Deibler 14. novembar 2009. Flag of Germany.svg Berlin [59]
100 m delfin 48.44 Flag of South Africa.svg Chad le Clos 4. decembar 2014. Flag of Qatar.svg Doha [60]
200 m delfin 1:48.56 Flag of South Africa.svg Chad le Clos 5. novembar 2013. Flag of Singapore.svg Singapur [61]
100 m mješovito 50.66 Flag of Germany.svg Markus Deibler 7. decembar 2014. Flag of Qatar.svg Doha [62]
200 m mješovito 1:49.63 Flag of the United States.svg Ryan Lochte 14. decembar 2012. Flag of Turkey.svg Istanbul [63]
400 m mješovito 3:55.50 Flag of the United States.svg Ryan Lochte 16. decembar 2010. Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg Dubai [64]
4 × 50 m slobodno 1:22.60 Flag of Russia.svg Rusija
Vladimir Morozov (21.01)
Jevgenij Sjedov (20.37)
Oleg Tihobajev (20.59)
Sergej Fesikov (20.63)
6. decembar 2014. Flag of Qatar.svg Doha [65]
4 × 100 m slobodno 3:03.30 SAD
Nathan Adrian (45.08)
Matt Grevers (44.68)
Garrett Weber-Gale (47.43)
Michael Phelps (46.11)
19. decembar 2009. Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Manchester [66]
4 × 200 m slobodno 6:49.04 Flag of Russia.svg Rusija
Nikita Lobincev (1:42.10)
Danila Izotov (1:42.15)
Jevgenij Lagunov (1:42.47)
Aleksandar Suhorukov (1:42.47)
16. decembar 2010. Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg Dubai [67]
4 × 50 m mješovito 1:30.51 Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil
Guilherme Guido (23.42)
Felipe França Silva (25.33)
Nicholas Santos (21.68)
César Cielo Filho (20.08)
4. decembar 2014. Flag of Qatar.svg Doha [68]
4 × 100 m mješovito 3:19.16 Flag of Russia.svg Rusija
Stanislav Donjec (49.63)
Sergej Gejbel (56.43)
Jevgenij Korotiškin (48.35)
Danila Izotov (44.75)
20. decembar 2009. Flag of Russia.svg Sankt Peterburg [69]

Žene[uredi | uredi izvor]

Disciplina Rezultat Plivačica Datum Mjesto Izvor
50 m slobodno 23.24 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Ranomi Kromowidjojo 7. august 2013. Flag of the Netherlands.svg Eindhoven [70]
100 m slobodno 51.01 Flag of Australia.svg Libby Trickett 10. august 2009. Flag of Australia.svg Hobart [71]
200 m slobodno 1:50.78 Flag of Sweden.svg Sarah Sjöström 7. decembar 2014. Flag of Qatar.svg Doha [72]
400 m slobodno 3:54.52 Flag of Spain.svg Mireia Belmonte García 10. august 2013. Flag of Germany.svg Berlin [73]
800 m slobodno 7:59.34 Flag of Spain.svg Mireia Belmonte García 10. august 2013. Flag of Germany.svg Berlin [74]
1500 m slobodno 15:19.71 Flag of Spain.svg Mireia Belmonte García 12. decembar 2014. Flag of Spain.svg Sabadell [75]
50 m leđno 25.67 Flag of Brazil.svg Etiene Medeiros 7. decembar 2014. Flag of Qatar.svg Doha [76]
100 m leđno 55.03 Flag of Hungary.svg Katinka Hosszú 4. decembar 2014. Flag of Qatar.svg Doha [77]
200 m leđno 2:00.03 Flag of Hungary.svg Katinka Hosszú 5. decembar 2014. Flag of Qatar.svg Doha [78]
50 m prsno 28.80 Flag of the United States.svg Jessica Hardy 15. novembar 2009. Flag of Germany.svg Berlin [79]
100 m prsno 1:02.36 = Flag of Lithuania.svg Rūta Meilutytė 12. oktobar 2013. Flag of Russia.svg Moskva [80]
100 m prsno 1:02.36 = Flag of Jamaica.svg Alia Atkinson 6. decembar 2014. Flag of Qatar.svg Doha [81]
200 m prsno 2:14.57 Flag of the United States.svg Rebecca Soni 18. decembar 2009. Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Manchester [82]
50 m delfin 24.38 Flag of Sweden.svg Therese Alshammar 22. novembar 2009. Flag of Singapore.svg Singapur [83]
100 m delfin 54.61 Flag of Sweden.svg Sarah Sjöström 7. decembar 2014. Flag of Qatar.svg Doha [84]
200 m delfin 1:59.61 Flag of Spain.svg Mireia Belmonte Garcia 3. decembar 2014. Flag of Qatar.svg Doha [85]
100 m mješovito 56.70 Flag of Hungary.svg Katinka Hosszú 5. decembar 2014. Flag of Qatar.svg Doha [86]
200 m mješovito 2:01.86 Flag of Hungary.svg Katinka Hosszú 6. decembar 2014. Flag of Qatar.svg Doha [87]
400 m mješovito 4:19.86 Flag of Spain.svg Mireia Belmonte Garcia 3. decembar 2014. Flag of Qatar.svg Doha [88]
4 × 50 m slobodno 1:34.24 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Holandija
Inge Dekker (24.09)
Femke Heemskerk (23.24)
Maud van der Meer (24.03)
Ranomi Kromowidjojo (22.88)
7. decembar 2014. Flag of Qatar.svg Doha [89]
4 × 100 m slobodno 3:26.53 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Holandija
Inge Dekker (52.39)
Femke Heemskerk (50.58)
Maud van der Meer (52.55)
Ranomi Kromowidjojo (51.01)
5. decembar 2014. Flag of Qatar.svg Doha [90]
4 × 200 m slobodno 7:35.94 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Holandija
Inge Dekker (1:54.73)
Femke Heemskerk (1:51.22)
Ranomi Kromowidjojo (1:54.17)
Sharon van Rouwendaal (1:52.73)
3. decembar 2014. Flag of Qatar.svg Doha [91]
4 × 50 m mješovito 1:44.04 Flag of Denmark.svg Danska
Mie Nielsen (26.39)
Rikke Møller Pedersen (29.56)
Jeanette Ottesen (24.09)
Pernille Blume (24.00)
5. decembar 2014. Flag of Qatar.svg Doha [92]
4 × 100 m mješovito 3:45.56 SAD
Natalie Coughlin (55.97)
Rebecca Soni (1:02.91)
Dana Vollmer (55.36)
Missy Franklin (51.32)
16. decembar 2011. Flag of the United States.svg Atlanta [93]

Mješovite štafete[uredi | uredi izvor]

Disciplina Rezultat Plivači Datum Mjesto Izvor
4 × 50 m slobodno - mješovita štafeta 1:28.57 SAD
Josh Schneider (20.94)
Matt Grevers (20.75)
Madison Kennedy (23.63)
Abbey Weitzeil (23.25)
4. decembar 2014. Flag of Qatar.svg Doha [94]
4 × 50 m mješovito - mješovita štafeta 1:37.17 SAD
Eugene Godsoe (22.88)
Kevin Cordes (25.40)
Claire Donahue (25.28)
Simone Manuel (23.61)
21. decembar 2013. Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Glasgow [95]

Galerija[uredi | uredi izvor]

Neki od trenutnih svjetskih rekordera:

Također pogledajte[uredi | uredi izvor]

Reference[uredi | uredi izvor]

  1. ^ a b FINA Technical Rules SW12.1 and 12.2.
  2. ^ High-tech records to stand.
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