Fenologija: razlika između verzija

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U [[ekologija|ekologiji]], termin se koristi općenito za označavanje vremenskog okvira za bilo koji sezonski [[biologija|biološki]] fenomen, uključujući i datume posljednjeg pojavljivanja (npr. sezonska fenologija jedne vrste može biti od aprila do septembra).
 
Pošto su mnogi takvi fenomeni osjetljivi čak i na male varijacije u [[klima|klimi]], posebno temperature, fenološki podaci su upotrebljivi za [[historija|historijsku]] [[klimatologija|klimatologiju]], osobiti za studije klumatskih promjena i [[globalno zatopljavanje|globalnog zagrijavanja]]. Na primjer, vinogradarske evidencije o berbi grožđa u [[Evropa|Europi]] se koriste za rekonstrukciju zapis ljetne sezone rasta temperature u ljetnoj sezoni tokom više od proteklih 500 godina .<ref name=Meier2007a>{{cite journal| author = Meier N.| year = 2007| title = Grape Harvest Records as a Proxy for Swiss April to August Temperature Reconstructions| url = http://www.giub.unibe.ch/klimet/docs/diplom_nmeier.pdf| accessdate = 2007-12-25| publisher = [[University of Bern]]| work = Diplomarbeit der Philosophisch-naturwissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Bern (Thesis of Philosophy and science faculty of the University of Bern)| quote = Phenological grape harvest observations in Switzerland over the last 500 years have been used as a proxy indicator for reconstructing past temperature variability.| date = | journal = | archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20081217053707/http://www.giub.unibe.ch/klimet/docs/diplom_nmeier.pdf| archive-date = 17 Decembar 2008| url-status = dead}}</ref><ref name=Meier2007b>{{cite journal
{{cite journal| author = Meier N.| year = 2007| title = Grape Harvest Records as a Proxy for Swiss April to August Temperature Reconstructions | url =http://www.giub.unibe.ch/klimet/docs/diplom_nmeier.pdf| accessdate = 2007-12-25| publisher = [[University of Bern]]
| work = Diplomarbeit der Philosophisch-naturwissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Bern (Thesis of Philosophy and science faculty of the University of Bern)
| quote = Phenological grape harvest observations in Switzerland over the last 500 years have been used as a proxy indicator for reconstructing past temperature variability.
}}</ref><ref name=Meier2007b>{{cite journal
| author = Meier N.
| coauthors = Rutishauser T., Luterbacher J., Pfister C., Wanner H.

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