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{{Vijek|10}}
 
[[Image:East-Hem 900ad.jpg|thumb|300px|Istočna hemisfera na početku 10. vijeka]]
 
'''10. vijek''' je period od [[901]] do [[1000]] [[Julianski kalendar|Julijanskog kalendara]].
 
Deseti vijek se smatra jednim od najmračnijih perioda u evropskoj istoriji. S druge strane, u islamski svijet doživljava vrhunac kulturnog razvoja. Bizantijsko i bugarsko carstvo su na vrhuncu moći, a u Kini dolazi do političkih preokreta.
 
==Događaji==
[[Image:Yogini Goddess from Tamil Nadu.jpg|thumb|right|Statua [[yoga]] božice napravljena u Kaveripakkamu, [[Tamil Nadu]], [[Indija]], tokom 10. vijeka.]]
* Početak [[Srednjovjekovni topli period|srednjovjekovnog toplog perioda]]
* [[Bizantijsko carstvo]] dostiže vrhunac vojne i ekonomske moći
===Afrika===
* [[Fatimidski kalifat|Fatimid]]ska dinastija se pojavljuje u istočnom [[Alžir]]u
* oko [[980]] godine: [[Azhar|Univerzitet Al-Azhar]] je osnovan u [[Kairo|Kairu]] od strane [[Fatimidski kalifat|Fatimid]]ske dinastije
* Kršćansko [[Nubija]]nsko kraljevstvo dostiže vrhunac razvoja i vojne moći
* [[Kraljevstvo Nri]] osnovano u jugoistočnoj [[Nigerija|Nigeriji]]
 
===Amerika===
* Slom centralne [[Civilizacija Maja|civilizacije Maja]]. Kraj klasičnog perioda Maja civilizacije, početak postklasičnog perioda.
* Uzdizanje [[Tolteci|Tolteka]] u [[Meksiko|Meksiku]]
* Zlatno doba [[Anasazi|Anasaza]]
* Pojava [[Mississippi kulture]] na jugu današnjeg SAD-a
 
===Evroazija===
* [[Hazari|Hazarsko kraljevstvo]] je napadnuto i poraženo od strane [[Kijevska Rusija|Kijevske Rusije]] ([[965]])
 
====Azija====
* Počela gradnja [[Budizam|budističkog]] hrama u [[Bagan]]u, [[Burma]]
* U Kini [[919]] godine, prvi put upotrijebljen [[barut]] u borbi.
* [[Seldžuci]] prelaze na [[Islam]].
 
====Evropa====
[[Image:Skylitzes Simeon at Anchialos 917.jpg|right|thumb|280px|Bugarska pobjeda kod Aheloja.]]
* [[Vikinzi]] naseljavaju sjevernu [[Francuska|Francusku]] i počinju se nazivati [[Normani]]ma
* Osnivanje [[Cluny]]ja, prvog ujedinjenog [[monaštvo|monaškog]] reda
<!--* In [[917]] the [[Bulgarians]] destroyed the Byzantine army in the [[Battle of Acheloos|Battle of Anchialus]], one of the bloodiest battles in the Middle Ages
* [[927]]: official recognition of the first independent national Church in Europe, the [[Bulgarian Patriarchate]]
* Incursions of [[Magyars|Magyar]] (Hungarian) cavalry throughout Western Europe (47 expeditions in [[Germany]], [[Italy]] and [[France]], [[899]]–[[970]])
* [[Mieszko I]], first duke of [[Poland]], baptised a Christian in [[966]]
* Collapse of [[Great Moravia]]
* The [[medieval Croatian state]] becomes a unified kingdom under [[Tomislav]]
* Twentieth century [[Demographics of Belgium|Belgian]] [[astronomer]] [[Jean Meeus]] asserts that the positions of the eight [[planets]] and [[Pluto]] were within the same 90° arc of the [[Solar System]] on [[1 February]], [[949]]. It is predicted this would next occur on [[6 May]], [[1492]].
* [[Sweden|Swedish]] influence extends to the [[Black Sea]]
* [[Vladimir I, Prince of Kiev|Vladimir I]], Prince of [[Kievan Rus]], baptised a Christian in [[988]]
* [[Reindeer]] become extinct in [[Scotland]]
* [[European Lion|Lion]]s become extinct in Europe by this date, with the last dying in [[Caucasus]].
* Second half of the 10th century - Page with David the Psalmist, from the [[Paris Psalter]], is made. It is now kept at [[Bibliothéque Nationale]], [[Paris]].
* Late 10th or early [[11th century]] - Archangel Michail, icon, is made. It is now kept at Treasury of the Cathedral of Saint Mark, [[Venice]].-->
 
===Okeanija===
<!--* Formation of the [[Tu'i Tonga Empire]] and of the [[Tuʻi Tonga]] dynasty in [[Tonga]]-->
 
==Značajne osobe==
<!--[[Image:Gu Hongzhong's Night Revels 1.jpg|thumb|right|400px|Half-section of the ''Night Revels of Han Xizai'', by [[Chinese art]]ist [[Gu Hongzhong]], 10th century. A women is seen entertaining guests with a [[pipa]] on the right-hand side.]]
===Afrika===
*[[Ubayd Allah al-Mahdi Billah]], founder of the [[Fatamid]] dynasty of Egypt in [[909]]
===Amerika===
*[[Topiltzin Ce Acatl Quetzalcoatl]], semi-legendaric [[Toltec]] ruler, (exact years of his life are unknown)
===Evroazija i Istočno rimsko carstvo===
*[[Nicephorus II]], Emperor of the [[Eastern Roman Empire]] (lived [[912]]–[[969]], reigned [[963]]–[[969]])
*[[John I Tzimisces]], Emperor of the [[Eastern Roman Empire]] (lived [[925]]–[[976]], reigned [[969]]–[[976]])
*[[Basil II]], Emperor of the [[Eastern Roman Empire]], (lived [[958]]–[[1025]], reigned [[976]]–[[1025]])
====Azija====
*[[Adikavi Pampa]] an early [[Kannada language]] poet (born in [[902]])
* [[Ranna]], an early [[Kannada language]] poet from [[India]], (born in [[949]])
* [[Huyan Zan]], Chinese general (died in [[1000]])
*[[Li Cheng]], Chinese landscape painter
* [[Tailapa II]], re-established the [[Western Chalukya Empire]] of India (reigned [[973]]-[[997]])
* [[Zhang Sixun]], Chinese [[astronomer]] and [[mechanical engineer]]
* [[Ferdowsi]] Persian poet
* [[Li Fang]], Chinese scholar and encyclopedist ([[925]]-[[996]])
* [[Emperor Taizu of Song]], founder of the Chinese [[Song Dynasty]] (lived [[March 21]], [[927]]–[[November 14]], [[976]], reigned [[960]]-[[976]])
* [[Parantaka I]], ruler of the [[Chola Dynasty]] of India – Tamil King (reigned [[907]]-[[950]])
* [[Raja Raja Chola I]], ruler of the [[Chola Dynasty]] of India – Tamil King
 
====Evropa====
*[[Harald Fairhair]], king of [[Norway]], united Norway in [[872]] and remained its ruler until [[933]]. One of the most powerful lords of [[Europe]] at the time.
*[[Vladimir I, Prince of Kiev|Vladimir I]] (real name Valdemar), Prince of [[Kievan Rus]] (lived [[958]]–[[1015]])
*[[Tomislav]], king of [[Croatia]],united the [[medieval Croatian state]] into the [[Kingdom of Croatia]] , crowned in [[925]]
*[[Abd-ar-rahman III]] of [[Córdoba, Spain|Cordoba]]
*[[Simeon I of Bulgaria|Simeon the Great]], Emperor of [[Bulgaria]] (reigned [[893]]–[[927]])
*[[Otto I the Great]], [[Holy Roman Emperor]] (lived [[912]]–[[973]], reigned [[936]]–[[973]])
*King [[Edmund I of England]] (lived [[921]]–[[946]], reigned [[939]]–[[946]])
*[[Hugh Capet]] (lived [[938]]–[[996]]), first Capetian King of France
*[[Géza of Hungary]], ruler of the [[Magyars]] (lived [[940]]–[[997]], reigned [[970]]–[[997]])
*[[Otto II]], [[Holy Roman Emperor]] (lived [[955]]–[[983]], reigned [[973]]–[[983]])
*[[Theophanu]], wife of [[Otto II]], mother and [[Regent]] of [[Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor|Otto III]], (lived [[956]]–[[991]], reigned [[983]]–[[991]])
*[[Tsar]] [[Samuil of Bulgaria]] (lived [[958]]–[[1014]], reigned [[976]]–[[1014]])
*[[Otto III]], [[Holy Roman Emperor]] (lived [[980]]–[[1002]], reigned [[983]]–[[1002]])
*[[Erik the Red]], Norwegian explorer, founded Greenland
*[[Leif Eiriksson]], Norwegian explorer, son of [[Erik the Red]], made the first European attempt to settle in America.
*[[Olav Tryggvason]] becomes the first king to try to Christianize Norway, dies at the [[Battle of Svolder]] in [[1000]].
 
===Okeanija===
*[['Aho'eitu]] (early 10th century), first king of the [[Tuʻi Tonga]]-->
 
==Izumi, otrkića, noviteti==
<!--[[Image:FireLanceAndGrenade10thCenturyDunhuang.jpg|thumb|220px|right|Earliest known representation of a gun (a [[fire lance]]) and a [[grenade]] (upper right), from the cave murals of [[Dunhuang]], China, 10th century.]]
*[[Timeline of historic inventions#9th-10th centuries|List of 9th-10th centuries inventions]]
* [[Hop (plant)]] first mentioned in connection with [[beer]] brewing
* [[Zhang Sixun]] of [[China]] uses for the first time liquid [[mercury (element)]] instead of water to power the [[escapement]] mechanism rotating an [[armillary sphere]], since liquid mercury does not freeze easily like water during winter, and does not rust metal parts
* [[Fire Arrows]] are invented by the Chinese, along with the use of the first [[blackpowder]] impregnated fuses for igniting the blast of double-piston [[flamethrower]]s which employed [[Greek Fire]], an imported good from [[Arabia]] in the early part of the century.
*Construction begins on the [[Brihadeeswarar Temple]] of [[India]], during the reign of [[Rajaraja Chola I]]
*The first [[pound lock]] is invented by the Chinese engineer [[Technology of the Song Dynasty|Qiao Weiyo]], improving the [[Lock (water transport)|canal lock]] system.
*Three of the ''[[Four Great Books of Song]]'' are published (the last one in [[1013]]), which were enormous Chinese [[encyclopedia]]s having millions of written [[Chinese character]]s each.
*Earlist known occurrence in [[Mexico]] of [[Lost-wax casting]].-->
 
==Dodatna literatura==
*[[Heinrich Fichtenau]]: ''Living in the Tenth Century: Mentalities and Social Orders'' (transl. [[Patrick J. Geary]]; Chicago cool London: 1991).
 
[[af:10de eeu]]
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