Spisak najviših vrhova na Zemlji

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Spisak najviših vrhova na Zemlji sadrži vrhove Zemlje čija je nadmorska visina iznad 7.200 metara. Velika većina ovih planinskih vrhova nalazi se na rubu indijske i evroazijske tektonske ploče. Na spisku se nalaze samo oni vrhovi koji se smatraju pojedinačnim planinama odnosno vrhovima, za razliku od sporednih vrhova.

Geografska raspodjela vrhova[uredi | uredi izvor]

Najveći broj planina i vrhova sadržanih na spisku nalazi se na području planinskih lanaca Himalaja i Karakoruma na jugu i zapadu Tibetanskog platoa. Svi vrhovi iznad 7.000 m nalaze se u istočnoj, centralnoj ili južnoj Aziji, unutar pravougaonog područja omeđenog vrhovima: Noshaq (7.492 m) na granici između Afganistana i Pakistana na zapadu, Jengish Chokusu (7.439 m) na granici Kirgistana i kineske autonomne regije Xinjiang na sjeveru, Gongga Shan (7.556 m) unutar kineske provincije Sichuan na istoku i Kabru (7.412 m) na granici indijske savezne države Sikkim i Nepala na jugu.

Najviša planina izvan Azije je Aconcagua (6.961 m) koja se nalazi u Južnoj Americi (planinski lanac Anda) i koja je na 189. mjestu najviših vrhova.

Rang Planina/vrh Visina[1] Uzdignutost iznad
pripadajućih vrhova (m)[2]
Planinski lanac Koordinate[3] Pripadajuća
planina[4]
Prvi
uspon
Usponi
(neuspješni)
do 2004.[5]
Država
(sporna područja
označena kurzivom)
1. Mount Everest/
Sagarmatha/
Chomolungma
8.848[6] 8.848 Mahalangur Himalaji 27°59′17″N 86°55′31″E / 27.98806°N 86.92528°E / 27.98806; 86.92528 (1. Mount Everest/Sagarmatha/Chomolungma (8848 m)) 1953. >>145 (121) Nepal • Kina
2. K2/Chhogori/
Godwin Austen
8.611 4.020 Baltoro Karakorum 35°52′53″N 76°30′48″E / 35.88139°N 76.51333°E / 35.88139; 76.51333 (2. K2 / Qogir / Godwin Austen (8611 m)) Mount Everest[7] 1954. 45 (44) Pakistan[dp 1] • Kina[dp 2]
3. Kangchenjunga 8.586 3.922 Kangchenjunga Himalaji 27°42′12″N 88°08′51″E / 27.70333°N 88.14750°E / 27.70333; 88.14750 (3. Kangchenjunga (8586 m)) * Mount Everest 1955. 38 (24) Nepal • Indija
4. Lhotse 8.516 610 Mahalangur, Himalaji 27°57′42″N 86°55′59″E / 27.96167°N 86.93306°E / 27.96167; 86.93306 (4. Lhotse (8516 m)) Mount Everest 1956. 26 (26) Nepal • Kina
5. Makalu 8.485 2.378 Mahalangur, Himalaji 27°53′23″N 87°05′20″E / 27.88972°N 87.08889°E / 27.88972; 87.08889 (5. Makalu (8485 m)) Mount Everest 1955. 45 (52) Nepal • Kina
6. Cho Oyu[8] 8.188 2.340 Mahalangur, Himalaji 28°05′39″N 86°39′39″E / 28.09417°N 86.66083°E / 28.09417; 86.66083 (6. Cho Oyu (8188 m)) Mount Everest 1954. 79 (28) Nepal • Kina
7. Dhaulagiri I 8.167 3.357 Dhaulagiri, Himalaji 28°41′48″N 83°29′35″E / 28.69667°N 83.49306°E / 28.69667; 83.49306 (7. Dhaulagiri I (8167 m)) K2 1960. 51 (39) Nepal
8. Manaslu 8.163 3.092 Manaslu, Himalaji 28°33′00″N 84°33′35″E / 28.55000°N 84.55972°E / 28.55000; 84.55972 (8. Manaslu (8163 m)) Cho Oyu 1956. 49 (45) Nepal
9. Nanga Parbat 8.126 4,608 Nanga Parbat, Himalaji 35°14′14″N 74°35′21″E / 35.23722°N 74.58917°E / 35.23722; 74.58917 (9. Nanga Parbat (8126 m)) Dhaulagiri 1953. 52 (67) Pakistan[dp 1]
10. Annapurna I 8.091 2.984 Annapurna, Himalaji 28°35′44″N 83°49′13″E / 28.59556°N 83.82028°E / 28.59556; 83.82028 (10. Annapurna I (8091 m)) Cho Oyu 1950. 36 (47) Nepal
11. Gasherbrum I/
Hidden Peak/K5
8.080 2.155 Baltoro Karakorum 35°43′28″N 76°41′47″E / 35.72444°N 76.69639°E / 35.72444; 76.69639 (11. Gasherbrum I / Hidden Peak / K5 (8080 m)) K2 1958. 31 (16) Pakistan[dp 1] • Kina[dp 2]
12. Broad Peak 8.051 1.701 Baltoro Karakorum 35°48′38″N 76°34′06″E / 35.81056°N 76.56833°E / 35.81056; 76.56833 (12. Broad Peak / K3 (8051 m)) Gasherbrum I 1957. 39 (19) Pakistan[dp 1] • Kina[dp 2]
13. Gasherbrum II/K4 8.035 1.524 Baltoro Karakorum 35°45′28″N 76°39′12″E / 35.75778°N 76.65333°E / 35.75778; 76.65333 (13. Gasherbrum II / K4 (8035 m)) Gasherbrum I 1956. 54 (12) Pakistan[dp 1] • Kina[dp 2]
14. Shishapangma/Gosainthān 8.027 2.897 Jugal, Himalaji 28°21′12″N 85°46′43″E / 28.35333°N 85.77861°E / 28.35333; 85.77861 (14. Shishapangma (8027 m)) Cho Oyu 1964. 43 (19) Kina
15. Gyachung Kang 7.952 672 Mahalangur, Himalaji 28°05′53″N 86°44′42″E / 28.09806°N 86.74500°E / 28.09806; 86.74500 (15. Gyachung Kang (7952 m)) Cho Oyu 1964. 5 (3) Nepal • Kina
110 Gasherbrum III/K3a 7.946 355 Baltoro Karakorum 35°45′33″N 76°38′30″E / 35.75917°N 76.64167°E / 35.75917; 76.64167 (Gasherbrum III (7946 m)) Gasherbrum II 1975. 2 (2) Pakistan[dp 1] • Kina[dp 2]
16. Annapurna II 7.937 2.437 Annapurna, Himalaji 28°32′05″N 84°07′19″E / 28.53472°N 84.12194°E / 28.53472; 84.12194 (16. Annapurna II (7937 m)) Annapurna I 1960. 6 (19) Nepal
17. Gasherbrum IV/K3 7.932 712 Baltoro Karakorum 35°45′38″N 76°36′58″E / 35.76056°N 76.61611°E / 35.76056; 76.61611 (17. Gasherbrum IV (7932 m)) Gasherbrum III 1958. 4 (11) Pakistan[dp 1]
18. Himalchuli 7.893 1.633 Manaslu, Himalaji 28°26′12″N 84°38′23″E / 28.43667°N 84.63972°E / 28.43667; 84.63972 (18. Himalchuli (7893 m)) * Manaslu 1960. 6 (12) Nepal
19. Distaghil Sar 7.884 2.525 Hispar Karakorum 36°19′33″N 75°11′16″E / 36.32583°N 75.18778°E / 36.32583; 75.18778 (19. Distaghil Sar (7884 m)) K2 1960. 3 (5) Pakistan[dp 1]
20. Ngadi Chuli 7.871 1.011 Manaslu, Himalaji 28°30′12″N 84°34′00″E / 28.50333°N 84.56667°E / 28.50333; 84.56667 (20. Ngadi Chuli (7871 m)) Manaslu 1970. 2 (6) Nepal
111 Nuptse 7.864 305 Mahalangur, Himalaji 27°58′03″N 86°53′13″E / 27.96750°N 86.88694°E / 27.96750; 86.88694 (Nuptse (7864 m)) Lhotse 1961. 5 (12) Nepal
21. Khunyang Chhish 7.823 1.765 Hispar Karakorum 36°12′19″N 75°12′28″E / 36.20528°N 75.20778°E / 36.20528; 75.20778 (21. Khunyang Chhish (7823 m)) * Distaghil Sar 1971. 2 (6) Pakistan[dp 1]
22. Masherbrum / K1 7.821 2.457 Masherbrum Karakorum 35°38′28″N 76°18′21″E / 35.64111°N 76.30583°E / 35.64111; 76.30583 (22. Masherbrum/K1 (7821 m)) Gasherbrum I 1960. 4 (9) Pakistan[dp 1]
23. Nanda Devi 7.816 3.139 Garhwal, Himalaji 30°22′33″N 79°58′15″E / 30.37583°N 79.97083°E / 30.37583; 79.97083 (23. Nanda Devi (7816 m)) Dhaulagiri 1936. 14 (12) Indija
24. Chomo Lonzo 7.804 590 Mahalangur, Himalaji 27°55′50″N 87°06′28″E / 27.93056°N 87.10778°E / 27.93056; 87.10778 (24. Chomo Lonzo (7804 m)) Makalu 1954. 3 (1) Kina
25. Batura Sar 7.795 3.118 Batura Karakorum 36°30′37″N 74°31′21″E / 36.51028°N 74.52250°E / 36.51028; 74.52250 (25. Batura Sar (7795 m)) Distaghil Sar 1976. 4 (6) Pakistan[dp 1]
26. Kanjut Sar 7.790 1.660 Hispar Karakorum 36°12′20″N 75°25′01″E / 36.20556°N 75.41694°E / 36.20556; 75.41694 (26. Kanjut Sar (7790 m)) Khunyang Chhish 1959. 2 (1) Pakistan[dp 1]
27. Rakaposhi 7.788 2.818 Rakaposhi-Haramosh Karakorum 36°08′33″N 74°29′22″E / 36.14250°N 74.48944°E / 36.14250; 74.48944 (27. Rakaposhi (7788 m)) Khunyang Chhish 1958. 8 (13) Pakistan[dp 1]
28. Namcha Barwa 7.782 4.106 Assam, Himalaji 29°37′52″N 95°03′19″E / 29.63111°N 95.05528°E / 29.63111; 95.05528 (28. Namcha Barwa (7782 m)) Kangchenjunga 1992. 1 (2) Kina
29. Kamet 7.756 2.825 Garhwal 30°55′12″N 79°35′30″E / 30.92000°N 79.59167°E / 30.92000; 79.59167 (29. Kamet (7756 m)) * Nanda Devi 1931. 23 (14) Indija
30. Dhaulagiri II 7.751 2.397 Dhaulagiri Himalaji 28°45′46″N 83°23′18″E / 28.76278°N 83.38833°E / 28.76278; 83.38833 (30. Dhaulagiri II (7751 m)) Dhaulagiri 1971. 4 (11) Nepal
31. Saltoro Kangri/K10 7.742 2.160 Saltoro Karakorum 35°23′57″N 76°50′53″E / 35.39917°N 76.84806°E / 35.39917; 76.84806 (31. Saltoro Kangri/K10 (7742 m)) * Gasherbrum I 1962. 2 (1) Indija • Pakistan[dp 1][dp 3]
32. Kumbhakarna / Jannu 7.711 1.036 Kangchenjunga, Himalaji 27°40′56″N 88°02′40″E / 27.68222°N 88.04444°E / 27.68222; 88.04444 (32. Jannu (7711 m)) * Kangchenjunga 1962. 17 (12) Nepal
33. Tirich Mir 7.708 3.910 Hindu Kush 36°15′19″N 71°50′30″E / 36.25528°N 71.84167°E / 36.25528; 71.84167 (33. Tirich Mir (7708 m)) * Batura Sar 1950. 20 (11) Pakistan
112 Molamenqing 7.703 433 Langtang Himalaya 28°21′18″N 85°48′35″E / 28.35500°N 85.80972°E / 28.35500; 85.80972 (Molamenqing (7703 m)) Shishapangma 1981. 1 (0) Kina
34. Gurla Mandhata 7.694 2.788 Nalakankar, Himalaji 30°26′19″N 81°17′48″E / 30.43861°N 81.29667°E / 30.43861; 81.29667 (34. Gurla Mandhata (7694 m)) Dhaulagiri 1985. 6 (4) Kina
35. Saser Kangri I/K22 7.672 2.304 Saser Karakorum 34°52′00″N 77°45′09″E / 34.86667°N 77.75250°E / 34.86667; 77.75250 (35. Saser Kangri I/K22 (7672 m)) Gasherbrum I 1973. 6 (4) Indija
36. Chogolisa 7.665 1.624 Masherbrum Karakorum 35°36′47″N 76°34′29″E / 35.61306°N 76.57472°E / 35.61306; 76.57472 (36. Chogolisa (7665 m)) Gasherbrum I 1975. 4 (2) Pakistan[dp 1]
113 Dhaulagiri IV 7.661 469 Dhaulagiri Himalaya 28°44′09″N 83°18′55″E / 28.73583°N 83.31528°E / 28.73583; 83.31528 (Dhaulagiri IV (7661 m)) Dhaulagiri II 1975. 2 (10) Nepal
37. Kongur Tagh 7.649 3.585 Kongur Shan (Istočne Pamirske planine) 38°35′36″N 75°18′48″E / 38.59333°N 75.31333°E / 38.59333; 75.31333 (37. Kongur Tagh (7649 m)) Distaghil Sar 1981. 2 (4) Kina
114 Dhaulagiri V 7.618 340 Dhaulagiri Himalaji 28°44′02″N 83°21′41″E / 28.73389°N 83.36139°E / 28.73389; 83.36139 (Dhaulagiri V (7618 m)) * Dhaulagiri IV 1975. 2 (3) Nepal
38. Shispare 7.611 1.240 Batura Karakorum 36°26′26″N 74°40′51″E / 36.44056°N 74.68083°E / 36.44056; 74.68083 (38. Shispare (7611 m)) Batura Sar 1974. 3 (1) Pakistan[dp 1]
39. Trivor 7.577 997 Hispar Karakorum 36°17′15″N 75°05′06″E / 36.28750°N 75.08500°E / 36.28750; 75.08500 (39. Trivor (7577 m)) * Distaghil Sar 1960. 2 (5) Pakistan[dp 1]
40. Gangkhar Puensum 7.570 2.995 Kula Kangri Himalaya 28°02′50″N 90°27′19″E / 28.04722°N 90.45528°E / 28.04722; 90.45528 (40. Gangkhar Puensum (7570 m)) * Kangchenjunga unclimbed 0 (3) Butan • Kina
41. Gongga Shan/
Minya Konka
7.556 3.642 Daxue Shan (Hengduan Shan) 29°35′43″N 101°52′47″E / 29.59528°N 101.87972°E / 29.59528; 101.87972 (41. Gongga Shan/Minya Konka (7556 m)) Mount Everest 1932. 6 (7) Kina
42. Annapurna III 7.555 703 Annapurna Himalaji 28°35′06″N 83°59′24″E / 28.58500°N 83.99000°E / 28.58500; 83.99000 (42. Annapurna III (7555 m)) Annapurna I 1961. 10 (17) Nepal
43. Skyang Kangri 7.545 1.085 Baltoro Karakorum 35°55′35″N 76°34′03″E / 35.92639°N 76.56750°E / 35.92639; 76.56750 (43. Skyang Kangri (7545 m)) K2 1976. 1 (2) Pakistan[dp 1] • Kina[dp 2]
44. Changtse / Bei Pk [9] 7.543 514 Mahalangur Himalaji 28°01′29″N 86°54′51″E / 28.02472°N 86.91417°E / 28.02472; 86.91417 (44. Changtse (7543 m)) Mount Everest 1982. 9 (9) Kina
45. Kula Kangri 7.538 1.654 Kula Kangri Himalaji 28°13′37″N 90°36′59″E / 28.22694°N 90.61639°E / 28.22694; 90.61639 (45. Kula Kangri (7538 m)) Gangkhar Puensum 1986. 3 (2) (Kina • Butan)[dp 4]
46. Kongur Tiube 7.530 840 Kongur Shan (Istočne Pamirske planine) 38°36′57″N 75°11′45″E / 38.61583°N 75.19583°E / 38.61583; 75.19583 (46. Kongur Tiube (7530 m)) Kongur Tagh 1956. 2 (3) Kina
47. Mamostong Kangri 7.516 1.803 Rimo Karakorum 35°08′31″N 77°34′39″E / 35.14194°N 77.57750°E / 35.14194; 77.57750 (47. Mamostong Kangri (7516 m)) Gasherbrum I 1984 5 (0) Indija
48. Saser Kangri II E 7.513 1.458 Saser Karakorum 34°48′17″N 77°48′24″E / 34.80472°N 77.80667°E / 34.80472; 77.80667 (48. Saser Kangri II E (7513 m)) Saser Kangri I 2011. 0 (0)[10] Indija
49. Muztagh Ata 7.509 2.698 Muztagata (Istočne Pamirske planine) 38°16′33″N 75°06′58″E / 38.27583°N 75.11611°E / 38.27583; 75.11611 (49. Muztagh Ata (7546 m)) Kongur Tagh 1956. mnogi Kina
50. Ismoil Somoni Peak 7.495 3.402 Pamir 38°56′35″N 72°00′57″E / 38.94306°N 72.01583°E / 38.94306; 72.01583 (50. Ismoil Somoni Peak (7495 m)) Muztagh Ata 1933 Tadžikistan
51. Saser Kangri III 7.495 835 Saser Karakorum 34°50′44″N 77°47′06″E / 34.84556°N 77.78500°E / 34.84556; 77.78500 (51. Saser Kangri III (7495 m)) Saser Kangri I 1986. 1 (0) Indija
52. Noshaq 7.492 2.024 Hindu Kush 36°25′56″N 71°49′43″E / 36.43222°N 71.82861°E / 36.43222; 71.82861 (52. Noshaq (7492 m)) Tirich Mir 1960. 33 (3) Afganistan • Pakistan
53. Pumari Chhish 7.492 884 Hispar Karakorum 36°12′41″N 75°15′01″E / 36.21139°N 75.25028°E / 36.21139; 75.25028 (53. Pumari Chhish (7492 m)) Khunyang Chhish 1979. 1 (2) Pakistan[dp 1]
54. Passu Sar 7.476 647 Batura Karakorum 36°29′16″N 74°35′16″E / 36.48778°N 74.58778°E / 36.48778; 74.58778 (54. Passu Sar (7476 m)) Batura Sar 1994 1 (0) Pakistan[dp 1]
55. Yukshin Gardan Sar 7.469 1.374 Hispar Karakoram 36°15′04″N 75°22′29″E / 36.25111°N 75.37472°E / 36.25111; 75.37472 (55. Yukshin Gardan Sar (7469 m)) Pumari Chhish 1984. 4 (1) Pakistan[dp 1]
56. Teram Kangri I 7.462 1.703 Siachen Karakorum 35°34′48″N 77°04′42″E / 35.58000°N 77.07833°E / 35.58000; 77.07833 (56. Teram Kangri I (7462 m)) Gasherbrum I 1975. 2 (0) Indija • Kina[dp 2][dp 3]
57. Jongsong Peak 7.462 1.298 Kangchenjunga Himalaji 27°52′54″N 88°08′09″E / 27.88167°N 88.13583°E / 27.88167; 88.13583 (57. Jongsong Peak (7462 m)) Kangchenjunga 1930 2 (3) Indija • Kina • Nepal
58. Malubiting 7.458 2.193 Rakaposhi-Haramosh Karakorum 36°00′12″N 74°52′31″E / 36.00333°N 74.87528°E / 36.00333; 74.87528 (58. Malubiting (7458 m)) Rakaposhi 1971. 2 (6) Pakistan[dp 1]
59. Gangapurna 7.455 563 Annapurna Himalaji 28°36′18″N 83°57′49″E / 28.60500°N 83.96361°E / 28.60500; 83.96361 (59. Gangapurna (7455 m)) Annapurna III 1965. 8 (13) Nepal
60. Jengish Chokusu /
Tömür / Pk Pobeda
7.439 4.148 Tian Shan 42°02′05″N 80°07′47″E / 42.03472°N 80.12972°E / 42.03472; 80.12972 (60. Jengish Chokusu / Tömür / Pk Pobeda (7439 m)) Ismail Samani Peak 1956. Kirgistan • Kina
115 Sunanda Devi / Nanda Devi East 7.434 229 Garhwal Himalaji 30°22′00″N 79°59′40″E / 30.36667°N 79.99444°E / 30.36667; 79.99444 (Sunanda Devi (7434 m)) Nanda Devi 1939. 14 (12) Indija

Po državama[uredi | uredi izvor]

Na sljedećem grafikonu dat je prikaz broja najviših vrhova prema državama na čijoj se teritoriji nalaze.

Galerija[uredi | uredi izvor]

Napomene[uredi | uredi izvor]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Unutar sporne pakistanske administrativne jedinice Gilgit-Baltistan, koju je Indija proglasila dijelom svoje savezne države Jammu i Kašmir.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Unutar Trans-Karakorama koji je Pakistan iz svoje sporne regije Gilgit-Baltistan prepustio kineskoj Xinjiang ujgurskoj autonomnoj oblasti, a na koju Indija polaže pravo kao dio svoje savezne države Jammu i Kašmir.
  3. ^ a b Na granici glečera Siachen, koji je pod kontrolom Indije, ali na koji također pravo polaže i Pakistan.
  4. ^ Cijelo područje je Kina proglasila dijelom svoje Tibetske autonomne regije, na granici sa Butanom

Reference[uredi | uredi izvor]

  1. ^ For Nepal, the heights indicated on the Nepal Topographic Maps are followed. For China and the Baltoro Karakoram, the heights are those of Mi Desheng's "The Maps of Snow Mountains in China". For the Hispar Karakoram the heights on a Russian 1:100,000 topo map "Archived copy". Arhivirano s originala, 2008-04-27. Pristupljeno 2008-07-15.  seem to be more accurate than the customarily quoted heights probably based on US army maps from the 50s [1]. Elsewhere, unless otherwise indicated, heights are those in Jill Neate's "High Asia".
  2. ^ Prominences over 1,500 m were copied from the Ultra Project Prominence Lists, the remainder corresponds to those listed in this table of all mountains above 6650 m
  3. ^ Coordinates were established by comparing topographical maps with satellite images and SRTM-derived terrain maps. The terrain maps and satellite images often don't match exactly. An asterisk (*) indicates that the map and image are shifted by more than 100 m (4") and/or that the landscapes around the summit don't match.
  4. ^ Here defined as the first higher mountain beyond the key saddle with at least 500 m prominence itself.
  5. ^ The number of ascents and failed attempts up to 2004 is extracted from the Alpine Club Himalayan index. These are the number of expeditions (not individuals) that announced their ascent or attempt in a journal. They are probably quite accurate for the rarely climbed peaks (though omissions were noted), but greatly underestimate the number of ascending parties on the easier and/or more popular mountains, like most eight-thousanders. For instance, Mt Everest has been scaled 2,251 times by individuals up to 2004 [2].
  6. ^ Given the large differences between multiple "definitive" measurements of Mt Everest, the traditional 8,848 m is listed. For more information, see Mount Everest#Measurement.
  7. ^ Everest IS parent to K2 by the definition of topographic prominence. See also, the discussion page.
  8. ^ Cho Oyu's height is 8,188 m according to the Nepal Survey's 1996 topographical map H8615, which represents the best known measurement to date. Previous estimates have been 8,153 m and 8,201 m
  9. ^ The 1998 1:50,000 National Geographic map of Mount Everest has a height of 7,583 m for "Bei Peak" and 7,066 m for Bei'ao (North Col), giving a 517 m prominence. Mi Desheng's 1997 1:100,000 map of the Everest region has a 7,543 summit and a 7,042 m indication near the col, not quite corresponding to the lowest pass. His 1975 1:50,000 version (in Chinese only) has Changtse at 7,580 and North Col at 7,028. All maps agree that the eastern summit is the highest.
  10. ^ The highest (Eastern) summit of Saser Kangri II was climbed on August 24th, 2011 / p / steve-swenson-status. The lower West peak, 2.5 km away, has been climbed in 1984 and twice since.