Wikipedia:Jedan članak dnevno/Arhiva1

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Izabrani članak[uredi izvor]

Izabrani članak
Khazneh

Petra (arapski: البتراء, trans. al-Bitrā’) je napušteni grad na području današnjeg Jordana, a u vrijeme antike je bio glavni grad Nabatejaca. Poznata je upravo po svojim građevinama uklesanim u stijene a 1985. ga je UNESCO uvrstio u popis mjesta koja se smatraju svjetskom kulturnom baštinom.

Položaj i značenje[uredi izvor]

Petra se nalazi na pola puta od zaljeva Akaba prema Mrtvom moru na visini od 800 pa do 1.350 m iznad razine mora u širokoj kotlini u brdskom području Edoma. Zahvaljujući strateški povoljnom položaju na raskrižju više karavanskih putova koji su spajali Egipat sa Sirijom i južnu Arabiju sa Sredozemljem, grad je u razdoblju od 5. vijeka p. n. e. pa do 3. vijeka naše ere bio vrlo važno trgovačko središte. Petra je naročito kontrolirala raskršje na putu tamjana. Taj prastari trgovački put vodio je od Jemena duž zapadne obale Arabije, a kod Petre se račvao na sjeverozapadni odvojak prema Gazi i drugi koji je smjerom prema sjeveroistoku išao do Damaska.

Pored povoljnog geografskog položaja, imala je i dobro skriveni položaj među strmim stjenovitim zidovima okolnih brijegova i, što je bilo posebno važno, sigurnu opskrbu vodom. I danas se do mjesta može doći samo uskom brdskom stazom sa sjeverozapada ili jednim stjenovitim klancem s istoka koji je dug oko 1,5 km a stijene između kojih se provlači dosižu visinu od oko 200 m dok je na najužem mjestu širok samo 2 m. Duž jednog stjenovitog zida klanca uklesan je žljeb pokriven kamenim pločama kojim su Nabatejci dovodili u Petru vodu iz jednog brdskog potoka. Pročitajte više...

Januar[uredi izvor]

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