Norbert Wiener

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Norbert Wiener (26. novembar 1894 – 18 mart 1964) bio je američki matematičar i filozof. Bio je profesor matematike na MIT-u.

Čuveno "čudo od djeteta", Wiener je kasnije postao rani istraživač stohastičkih i bučnih procesa, doprinoseći radovima bitnim za elektronsko inženjerstvo, elektronske komunikacije, i kontrolne sisteme.

Wiener je smatran začetnikom kibernetike,  formalizacije ideje povratne sprege, sa implikacijama za inženjerstvo, kontrolu sistema, računarstvo, biologiju, neuronauku, filozofiju, i organizaciju društva.

Publikacije[uredi | uredi izvor]

Wiener je napisao mnoge knjige i stotine članaka:[1]

  • 1914, "A simplification in the logic of relations". Proc. Camb. Phil. Soc. 13: 387–390. 1912–14.  Reprinted in van Heijenoort, Jean (1967). From Frege to Gödel: A Source Book in Mathematical Logic, 1879–1931. Harvard University Press. str. 224–7. 
  • 1930, Wiener, Norbert (1930). "Generalized harmonic analysis". Acta Math. 55 (1): 117–258. doi:10.1007/BF02546511. 
  • 1933, The Fourier Integral and Certain of its Applications Cambridge Univ. Press; reprint by Dover, CUP Archive 1988 ISBN 0-521-35884-1
  • 1942, Extrapolation, Interpolation and Smoothing of Stationary Time Series. A war-time classified report nicknamed "the yellow peril" because of the color of the cover and the difficulty of the subject. Published postwar 1949 MIT Press. http://www.isss.org/lumwiener.htm])
  • 1948, Cybernetics: Or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine. Paris, (Hermann & Cie) & Camb. Mass. (MIT Press) ISBN 978-0-262-73009-9; 2nd revised ed. 1961.
  • 1950, The Human Use of Human Beings. The Riverside Press (Houghton Mifflin Co.).
  • 1958, Nonlinear Problems in Random Theory. MIT Press & Wiley.
  • 1964, Selected Papers of Norbert Wiener. Cambridge Mass. 1964 (MIT Press & SIAM)
  • 1964, God & Golem, Inc.: A Comment on Certain Points Where Cybernetics Impinges on Religion. MIT Press.
  • 1966, "Norbert Wiener 1894–1964". Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 72 (1 Part 2). 1966.  Published in book form.
  • 1966, Generalized Harmonic Analysis and Tauberian Theorems. MIT Press.
  • 1993, Invention: The Care and Feeding of Ideas. MIT Press. 1993. ISBN 0-262-73111-8.  This was written in 1954 but Wiener abandoned the project at the editing stage and returned his advance. MIT Press published it posthumously in 1993.
  • 1976–84, The Mathematical Work of Norbert Wiener. Masani P (ed) 4 vols, Camb. Mass. (MIT Press). This contains a complete collection of Wiener's mathematical papers with commentaries.

Beletristika:

  • 1959,The Tempter. Random House.

Autobiografija:

  • 1953. Ex-Prodigy: My Childhood and Youth. MIT Press.
  • 1956. I am a Mathematician. London (Gollancz).

Pod imenom "W. Norbert":

  • 1952 The Brain and other short science fiction in Tech Engineering News.

Reference[uredi | uredi izvor]

  1. ^ A full bibliography is given by the Cybernetics Society Publications of Norbert Wiener