Buckminster Fuller

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Buckminster Fuller

Richard Buckminster "Bucky" Fuller (rođen 12. jula 1895. u Miltonu, Massachusetts, SAD; umro 1. jula 1983. u Los Angelesu) je bio američki arhitekta, dizajner, filozof i pisac.

Napisao je dvadeset i osam knjiga, u kojima je iznosio svoje ideje i poglede na svijet. Bio je zaokupljen egzistencijalnim pitanjima i načinima poboljšanja kvaliteta života. Mnogo je puta proputovao svijet i održao brojna predavanja. Njegovi izumi s područja arhitekture i dizajna, često su bili ispred svoga vremena. Poznata je njegova geodetska kupola - rešetkasta školjkasta struktura(vidi sliku, desno).

Geodetska kupola


Njegov uticaj je bio veliki na brojne ljude. Između ostalih, osobe na koje je uticao su: Constance Abernathy, Ruth Asawa, J. Baldwin, Michael Ben-Eli, Pierre Cabrol, Joseph Clinton, Peter Floyd, Medard Gabel, Michael Hays, David Johnston, Robert Kiyosaki, Peter Pearce, Shoji Sadao, Edwin Schlossberg, Kenneth Snelson, i Robert Anton Wilson.

Alotrop ugljenika, fulleren— i posebno molekula alotropa C60 (buckminsterfuleren ili buckyball) je imenovan po njemu. Molekula Buckminsterfulerena, koja se sastoji od 60 ugljikovih atoma, veoma vjerno nalikuje sferičnoj verziji Fuller-ove geodetske kupole. Godine 1996. Nobelova nagrada za hemiju je dodijeljena naučnicima Kroto-u, Curl-u, i Smalley-u, za njihovo otkriće fullerena.

Bibliografija[uredi | uredi izvor]

  • 4d Timelock (1928)
  • Nine Chains to the Moon (1938)
  • Untitled Epic Poem on the History of Industrialization (1962)
  • Ideas and Integrities, a Spontaneous Autobiographical Disclosure (1963) ISBN 0-13-449140-8
  • No More Secondhand God and Other Writings (1963)
  • Education Automation: Freeing the Scholar to Return (1963)
  • What I Have Learned: A Collection of 20 Autobiograhical Essays, Chapter "How Little I Know", (1968)
  • Operating Manual for Spaceship Earth (1969) ISBN 0-8093-2461-X
  • Utopia or Oblivion (1969) ISBN 0-553-02883-9
  • Approaching the Benign Environment (1970) ISBN 0-8173-6641-5 (with Eric A. Walker and James R. Killian, Jr.)
  • I Seem to Be a Verb (1970) coauthors Jerome Agel, Quentin Fiore, ISBN 1-127-23153-7
  • Intuition (1970)
  • Buckminster Fuller to Children of Earth (1972) compiled and photographed by Cam Smith, ISBN 0-385-02979-9
  • The Dymaxion World of Buckminster Fuller (1960, 1973) coauthor Robert Marks, ISBN 0-385-01804-5
  • Earth, Inc (1973) ISBN 0-385-01825-8
  • Synergetics: Explorations in the Geometry of Thinking (1975) in collaboration with E.J. Applewhite with a preface and contribution by Arthur L. Loeb, ISBN 0-02-541870-X
  • Tetrascroll: Goldilocks and the Three Bears, A Cosmic Fairy Tale (1975)
  • And It Came to Pass — Not to Stay (1976) ISBN 0-02-541810-6
  • R. Buckminster Fuller on Education (1979) ISBN 0-87023-276-2
  • Synergetics 2: Further Explorations in the Geometry of Thinking (1979) in collaboration with E.J. Applewhite
  • Buckminster Fuller Sketchbook (1981)
  • Critical Path (1981) ISBN 0-312-17488-8
  • Grunch of Giants (1983) ISBN 0-312-35193-3
  • Humans in Universe (1983) coauthor Anwar Dil, ISBN 0-89925-001-7
  • Cosmography: A Posthumous Scenario for the Future of Humanity (1992) coauthor Kiyoshi Kuromiya, ISBN 0-02-541850-5

Reference sa en wiki[uredi | uredi izvor]

  1. Encyclopædia Britannica. (2007). "Fuller, R Buckminster". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. http://www.britannica.com/ebc/article-9365050. pristup od: April 20, 2007.
  2. Serebriakoff, Victor. "The Odd Way Mensa Began". Western Pennsylvania Mensa. https://web.archive.org/web/20071023004925/http://wheel.dcn.davis.ca.us/~sander/mensa/serebr1.html. Retrieved 2007-11-07
  3. Pawley, Martin (1991). Buckminster Fuller. New York: Taplinger. ISBN 0-8008-1116-X.
  4. R. Buckminster Fuller, Your Private Sky, Page 27
  5. Design – A Three-Wheel Dream That Died at Takeoff – Buckminster Fuller and the Dymaxion Car – NYTimes.com
  6. John Haber. "Before Buckyballs".
  7. Lloyd Steven Sieden. Buckminster Fuller's Universe: His Life and Work (pp. 74, 119-142). New York: Perseus Books Group, 2000. ISBN 0-7382-0379-3. p. 74: "Although O'Neill soon became well known as a major American playwright, it was Romany Marie who would significantly influence Bucky, becoming his close friend and confidante during the most difficult years of his life."
  8. John Haskell. "Buckminster Fuller and Isamu Noguchi". Kraine Gallery Bar Lit, Fall 2007. https://web.archive.org/web/20080513065703/http://www.kgbbar.com/lit/features/buckminster_ful.html.
  9. Robert Schulman. Romany Marie: The Queen of Greenwich Village (pp. 85–86, 109–110). Louisville: Butler Books, 2006. ISBN 1-884532-74-8.
  10. "Interview with Isamu Noguchi". Conducted November 7, 1973 by Paul Cummings at Noguchi's studio in Long Island City, Queens. Smithsonian Archives of American Art. http://www.aaa.si.edu/collections/oralhistories/tranSCRIPTs/noguch73.htm.
  11. Michael John Gorman (updated March 12, 2002). "Passenger Files: Isamu Noguchi, 1904–1988". Towards a cultural history of Buckminster Fuller's Dymaxion Car. Stanford Humanities Lab. https://web.archive.org/web/20070613214749/http://hotgates.stanford.edu/Bucky/dymaxion/noguchi.htm. Includes several images.
  12. "IDEAS + INVENTIONS: Buckminster Fuller and Black Mountain College". Black Mountain College Museum and Arts Center Exhibit. July 15, 2005 – November 26, 2005. http://blackmountaincollege.org/content/view/45/60/ Archived 2009-01-15 na Wayback Machine.
  13. Partial list of Fuller U.S. patents
  14. "Book of Members, 1780-2010: Chapter F". American Academy of Arts and Sciences. http://www.amacad.org/publications/BookofMembers/ChapterF.pdf. Retrieved 7 April 2011.
  15. Arthur Buckminster Fuller
  16. Buckminster Fuller: Designer of a New World
  17. Brand, Stewart (1999). The Clock of the Long Now. New York: Basic. ISBN 0-465-04512-X.
  18. Fuller, R. Buckminster (1969). Operating Manual for Spaceship Earth. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press. ISBN 0-8093-2461-X.
  19. Fuller, R. Buckminster; Applewhite, E. J. (1975). Synergetics. New York: Macmillan. ISBN 0-02-541870-X.
  20. Fuller, R. Buckminster (1981). Critical Path. New York: St. Martin's Press. xxxiv-xxxv. ISBN 0-312-17488-8.
  21. https://web.archive.org/web/20120308072450/http://www.ideafinder.com/history/inventors/fuller.htm
  22. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hYtQ_-rpAUo&feature=related
  23. The Economist. http://www.economist.com/debate/days/view/159.
  24. Fuller, R. Buckminster (1981). "Introduction". Critical Path (First ed.). New York, N.Y.: St.Martin's Press. xxv. ISBN 0-312-17488-8. ""It no longer has to be you or me. Selfishness is unnecessary and hence-forth unrationalizable as mandated by survival. War is obsolete."
  25. Fuller, R. Buckminster (2008). Jaime Snyder. ed. Utopia or oblivion: the prospects for humanity. Baden, Switzerland: Lars Müller Publishers. ISBN 978-3-03778-127-2.
  26. Edmondson, Amy, "A Fuller Explanation", Birkhauser, Boston, 1987, p19 tetrahedra, p110 octet truss
  27. Geodesic Domes and Charts of the Heavens
  28. The R. Buckminster Fuller FAQ: Geodesic Domes
  29. National Automobile Museum
  30. "The 50 Worst Cars of All Time"
  31. Annals of Innovation: Dymaxion Man: Reporting & Essays: The New Yorker
  32. Fuller, Buckminster (1969). Operating Manual for Spaceship Earth. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press. ISBN 0-8093-2461-X.
  33. [The Wristwatch For A Drummer: http://www.peteatkin.com/c4.htm]
  34. "Science: Dymaxion Sleep". Time. October 11, 1943. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,774680,00.html. Retrieved April 27, 2010.
  35. razgovori Buckminster Fuller-a
  36. http://www-sul.stanford.edu//depts/spc/fuller/about.html
  37. http://www.bfi.org/
  38. https://web.archive.org/web/20061008091220/http://www.poliedrodecaracas.gob.ve/index.php
  39. Poliedro de Caracas - Sightseeing with Google Satellite Maps
  40. https://web.archive.org/web/20010903234045/http://cityguides.salsaweb.com/belgium/reports/2001/20010120venezuelatravel/venezimages/caracas04.jpg
  41. 2theadvocate.com News | Kansas City Southern razes geodesic dome — Baton Rouge, LA - The Eden Project
  42. "How Little I Know" from And It Came to Pass - Not to Stay Macmillan, 1976
  43. Intuition (1972).
  44. Critical Path,
  45. Synergetics,
  46. "Selected Quotes". http://www.cjfearnley.com/cgi-bin/cjf-fortunes.pl?srchstr=Fuller&name=Submit. 090810 cjfearnley.com
  47. Salsbury, Patrick G. (2000) "Comprehensive Anticipatory Design Science; An Introduction" Miqel.com
  48. "Eight Strategies for Comprehensive Anticipatory Design Science" Buckminster Fuller Institute
  49. thirteen.org website Helped organize Fuller's papers Retrieved December 29, 2010
  50. Thomas T. K. Zung, Buckminster Fuller: Anthology for a New Millennium Retrieved December 29, 2010
  51. Buckyworks Retrieved December 29, 2010
  52. Buckworks Retrieved December 29, 2010
  53. Makovsky, Paul; Lanks, Belinda and Pedersen, Martin C. (July 2008) "The Fuller Effect" Metropolis (Magazine, New York) 28(1): pp. 106–111
  54. Noland, Carol (November 1, 2009) "Pierre Cabrol dies at 84; architect was lead designer of Hollywood's Cinerama Dome" Los Angeles Times, archived here at WebCite
  55. Buckminster Fuller Prize challenge Retrieved December 29, 2010
  56. Thomas T. K. Zung, Buckminster Fuller: Anthology for a New Millennium Retrieved December 29, 2010
  57. About David Johnston Retrieved December 29, 2010
  58. Kiyosaki, Robert. Rich Dad's Conspiracy of the Rich: The 8 New Rules of Money, pp. 3–4. Business Plus, 2009. ISBN 978-0-446-55980-5
  59. Whitney Museum of American Art exhibition, Retrieved December 29, 2010
  60. Hi Times May 1981, Robert Anton Wilson interviews Buckminster Fuller Retrieved December 29, 2010
  61. Chemistry 1996
  62. Buckminster Fuller: Starting with the Universe
  63. "Chicago's MCA to show Buckminster Fuller ~ Starting with the Universe". Art Knowledge News. 2009. https://web.archive.org/web/20100407000421/http://www.artknowledgenews.com/R_Buckminster_Fuller_Starting_with_the_Universe.html. Retrieved 2011-08-08.

Dodatna literatura[uredi | uredi izvor]

  • Applewhite, E. J. Cosmic Fishing: An account of writing Synergetics with Buckminster Fuller. 1977 (ISBN 0-02-502710-7)
  • Applewhite, E. J., ed. Synergetics Dictionary, The Mind Of Buckminster Fuller; in four volumes. Garland Publishing, Inc. New York and London. 1986 (ISBN 0-8240-8729-1)
  • Chu, Hsiao-Yun. "Fuller's Laboratory Notebook." Collections, Volume 4 Issue 4 Fall 2008 (Lanham, MD: Altamira Press), 295-306.
  • Chu, Hsiao-Yun and Roberto Trujillo. New Views on R. Buckminster Fuller.(Stanford, CA; Stanford University Press, 2009) ISBN 0-8047-6279-1
  • Eastham, Scott: American Dreamer. Bucky Fuller and the Sacred Geometry of Nature; The Lutterworth Press 2007, Cambridge; ISBN 978-0-7188-3031-1
  • Edmondson, Amy: "A Fuller Explanation"; EmergentWorld LLC. 2007 (ISBN 978-0-615-18314-5)
  • Hatch, Alden Buckminster Fuller At Home In The Universe. 1974 (ISBN 0-440-04408-1) Crown Publishers, New York.
  • Hoogenboom, Olive (1999). "Fuller, R. Buckminster". American National Biography. 8. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 559–562.
  • Kenner, Hugh. Bucky: a guided tour of Buckminster Fuller. 1973 (ISBN 0-688-00141-6)
  • Krausse, Joachim and Lichtenstein, Claude. ed. Your Private Sky, R. Buckminster Fuller: The Art Of Design Science. Lars Mueller Publishers. 1999 (ISBN 3-907044-88-6)
  • McHale, John. R. Buckminster Fuller. George Brazillier, Inc., New York. hardback. 1962.
  • Pawley, Martin. Buckminster Fuller. Taplinger Publishing Company, New York. 1991. hardcover (ISBN 0-8008-1116-X)
  • Potter, R. Robert. Buckminster Fuller (Pioneers in Change Series). Silver Burdett Publishers. 1990 (ISBN 0-382-09972-9)
  • Robertson, Donald. Mind's Eye Of Buckminster Fuller. 1974 (ISBN 0-533-01017-9) Vantage Press, Inc., New York.
  • Sieden, Lloyd. Buckminster Fuller's Universe, His Life and Work. 1989 (ISBN 0-7382-0379-3), explores Fuller's personal life, his beliefs and drives.
  • Snyder, Robert. Buckminster Fuller: An Autobiographical Monologue/Scenario. St. Martin's Press, New York. hardback. 1980 (ISBN 0-312-24547-5)
  • Sterngold, James. "The Love Song of R. Buckminster Fuller." The New York Times [Arts Section], June 15, 2008.
  • Ward, James, ed., The Artifacts Of R. Buckminster Fuller, A Comprehensive Collection of His Designs and Drawings in Four Volumes: Volume One. The Dymaxion Experiment, 1926–1943; Volume Two. Dymaxion Deployment, 1927–1946; Volume Three. The Geodesic Revolution, Part 1, 1947–1959; Volume Four. The Geodesic Revolution, Part 2, 1960-1983: Edited with descriptions by James Ward. Garland Publishing, New York. 1984 (ISBN 0-8240-5082-7 vol. 1, ISBN 0-8240-5083-5 vol. 2, ISBN 0-8240-5084-3 vol. 3, ISBN 0-8240-5085-1 vol. 4)
  • Wong, Yunn Chii, The Geodesic Works of Richard Buckminster Fuller, 1948-1968 (The Universe as a Home of Man), PhD thesis, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Architecture, 1999.
  • Wühr, Paul, Das falsche Buch. (Fuller appears as a character in this book.)
  • Zung, T.K. Thomas. Buckminster Fuller: Anthology for a New Millennium. St. Martin's Press. 2001 (ISBN 0-312-26639-1)