Genetička genealogija

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Genetička genealogija
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Genetička genealogija je upotreba analize DNK u kombinaciji s tradicijskom analizom rodoslova i tradicijskim genealoškim i historijskim zapisima po kojima se mogu zaključiti odnosi između pojedinaca. Genetička genealogija uključuje upotrebu genealoškog testiranja DNK da se utvrdi razina i pravac genetičkih odnosa između uključenih osoba. Ova aplikacija genetike postala je popularna među porodičnim historičarima, u prvoj dekadi 21. stoljeća, kada su testovi postali pristupačni. Testove su promovirale amaterske grupe, kao što su prezimena studiranih grupa ili regionalne genealoške grupe, te istraživački projekti, kao što je Genografski projekt. Od 2013. godine, bilo je testirano na stotine hiljada ljudi. Kako se ovo polje razvijalo, ciljevi praktičara su prošireni, sa traženjem mnogih podataka o precima, izvan proteklog stoljeća za koje se može rekonstruirati tradicijski pedigre.[1][2]

Također pogledajte[uredi | uredi izvor]

Dopunska literatura[uredi | uredi izvor]

[3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14]

[15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20] [21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28]

Preporuka za dalje čitanje[uredi | uredi izvor]


  • Cavalli-Sforza, Luigi L.; Francesco Cavalli-Sforza; Heather Mimnaugh; Lynn Parker (1996). The Great Human Diasporas : The History of Diversity and Evolution. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. ISBN 978-0-201-44231-1. 
  • Fitzpatrick, Colleen; Andrew Yeiser (2005). DNA and Genealogy. Fountain Valley, CA: Rice Book Press. ISBN 978-0-9767160-1-3. 
  • Gamble, Clive (1996). Timewalkers : The Prehistory of Global Colonization. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-89203-3. 
  • Jobling, Mark; Matthew Hurles; Chris Tyler-Smith (2003). Human Evolutionary Genetics : Origins, Peoples and Disease. New York, NY: Garland Science. ISBN 978-0-8153-4185-7. 
  • Olson, Steve (2003). Mapping Human History : Genes, Race, and Our Common Origins. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 978-0-618-35210-4.  Survey of major populations.
  • Oppenheimer, Stephen (2003). The Real Eve : Modern Man's Journey Out of Africa. New York, NY: Carroll & Graf. ISBN 978-0-7867-1192-5. 
  • Smolenyak, Megan; Ann Turner (2004). Trace Your Roots with DNA : Using Genetic Tests to Explore Your Family Tree. Emmaus, PA; Rodale, NY: Distributed to the trade by Holtzbrinck Publishers. ISBN 978-1-59486-006-5.  Out of date but still worth reading.
  • Pomery, Chris; Steve Jones (2004). DNA and Family History : How Genetic Testing Can Advance Your Genealogical Research. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Dundurn Group. ISBN 978-1-5500-2536-1.  Early guide for do-it-yourself genealogists.
  • Pomery, Chris (2007). Family History in the Genes : Trace Your DNA and Grow Your Family Tree. Kew, UK: National Archives. ISBN 978-1-905615-12-4. 
  • Shawker, Thomas H. (2004). Unlocking Your Genetic History : A Step-by-Step Guide to Discovering Your Family's Medical and Genetic Heritage. Nashville, TN: Rutledge Hill Press. ISBN 978-1-4016-0144-7.  Guide to the subject of family medical history and genetic diseases.
  • Sykes, Bryan (2002). The Seven Daughters of Eve : The Science That Reveals Our Genetic Ancestry. New York, NY: Norton. ISBN 978-0-393-32314-6.  Names the founders of Europe’s major female haplogroups Helena, Jasmine, Katrine, Tara, Velda, Xenia, and Ursula.
  • Sykes, Bryan (2004). Adam's Curse : A Future Without Men. New York, NY: W.W. Norton. ISBN 978-0-393-05896-3. 
  • Tagliaferro, Linda; Mark Vincent Bloom (1999). Complete Idiot's Guide to Decoding Your Genes. New York, NY: Alpha Books. ISBN 978-0-02-863586-6. 
  • Wells, Spencer (2004). The Journey of Man : A Genetic Odyssey. New York, NY: Random House Trade Paperbacks. ISBN 978-0-8129-7146-0. 

Reference[uredi | uredi izvor]

  1. ^ Carmichael, Terrence; Alexander Ivanof Kuklin; Ed Grotjan (2000). How to DNA Test Our Family Relationships. Mountain View, CA: AceN Press. ISBN 978-0-9664027-1-1.  Early book on adoptions, paternity and other relationship testing. Carmichael is a founder of GeneTree.
  2. ^ Cavalli-Sforza, Luigi Luca; Paolo Menozzi; Alberto Piazza (1994). The History and Geography of Human Genes. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-08750-4. 
  3. ^ International Society of Genetic Genealogy (2006). "Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2006, Version: 1.24, Date: 7 June 2007". Pristupljeno 1 July 2013. 
  4. ^ Family Tree DNA Editorial Team (2013). "Understanding Results: Y-DNA Short Tandem Repeat (STR)". Gene by Gene. Pristupljeno 1 July 2013. 
  5. ^ Family Tree DNA Editorial Team (2013). "Understanding Results: Y-DNA Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP)". Gene by Gene. Pristupljeno 1 July 2013. 
  6. ^ Family Tree DNA Editorial Team (2013). "Understanding Results: mtDNA (mitochondrial DNA)". Gene by Gene. Pristupljeno 1 July 2013. 
  7. ^ "The International Society of Genetic Genealogy". Pristupljeno July 1, 2013. 
  8. ^ Slavery at Jefferson's Monticello: The Paradox of Liberty, 27 January 2012 – 14 October 2012, Smithsonian Institution, accessed 23 March 2012. Quote: "The [DNA test results show a genetic link between the Jefferson and Hemings descendants: A man with the Jefferson Y chromosome fathered Eston Hemings (born 1808). While there were other adult males with the Jefferson Y chromosome living in Virginia at that time, most historians now believe that the documentary and genetic evidence, considered together, strongly support the conclusion that [Thomas] Jefferson was the father of Sally Hemings's children."
  9. ^ "The Genographic Project: A Landmark Study of the Human Journey". National Geographic. Pristupljeno 19 Feb 2009.  Provjerite vrijednost datuma kod: |accessdate= (pomoć)
  10. ^ Deboeck, Guido. "Genetic Genealogy Becomes Mainstream". BellaOnline. Pristupljeno 19 Feb 2009.  Provjerite vrijednost datuma kod: |accessdate= (pomoć)
  11. ^ "DNA Clans (Y-Clan) - DNA Ancestry Analysis". Genebase. Pristupljeno 19 Feb 2009.  Provjerite vrijednost datuma kod: |accessdate= (pomoć)
  12. ^ Franklin-Barbajosa, Cassandra (Oct 2004). "In the Wake of the Phoenicians: DNA study reveals a Phoenician-Maltese link". National Geographic Online. Pristupljeno 19 Feb 2009.  Provjerite vrijednost datuma kod: |date=, |accessdate= (pomoć)
  13. ^ "How Big Is the Genetic Genealogy Market?". The Genetic Genealogist. Pristupljeno 19 Feb 2009.  Provjerite vrijednost datuma kod: |accessdate= (pomoć)
  14. ^ " Launches new AncestryDNA Service: The Next Generation of DNA Science Poised to Enrich Family History Research" (saopćenje za medije). Pristupljeno 1 July 2013. 
  15. ^ King, TE; Jobling, MA (2009). "What's in a name? Y chromosomes, surnames and the genetic genealogy revolution". Trends in Genetics 25 (8): 351–360. PMID 19665817. doi:10.1016/j.tig.2009.06.003. 
  16. ^ Sykes, Bryan; Irven, Catherine (2000). "Surnames and the Y Chromosome". The American Journal of Human Genetics 66 (4): 1417–1419. PMC 1288207. PMID 10739766. doi:10.1086/302850. 
  17. ^ "CMMG alum launches multi-million dollar genetic testing company - Alum notes" 17 (2). Wayne State University, School of Medicine's alumni journal. Spring 2006. str. 1. Pristupljeno 24 Jan 2013.  Provjerite vrijednost datuma kod: |date=, |accessdate= (pomoć)
  18. ^ Darwin, George H. (Sep 1875). "Note on the Marriages of First Cousins". Journal of the Statistical Society of London 38 (3): 344–348. doi:10.2307/2338771.  Provjerite vrijednost datuma kod: |date= (pomoć)
  19. ^ Jobling, Mark A.; Tyler-Smith, Chris (2003). "The human Y chromosome: An evolutionary marker comes of age". Nature Reviews Genetics 4 (8): 598–612. PMID 12897772. doi:10.1038/nrg1124. 
  20. ^ "National Genealogical Society Quarterly" 93 (1–4). National Genealogical Society. 2005. str. 248. Businessman Bennett Greenspan hoped that the approach used in the Jefferson and Cohen research would help family historians. After reaching a brick wall on his mother's surname, Nitz, he discovered and Argentine researching the same surname. Greenspan enlisted the help of a male Nitz cousin. A scientist involved in the original Cohen investigation tested the Argentine's and Greenspan's cousin's Y chromosomes. Their haplotypes matched perfectly. 
  21. ^ Athey, Whit (2008). "Editor's Corner: A New Y-Chromosome Phylogenetic Tree". Journal of Genetic Genealogy 4 (1): i–ii. Pristupljeno July 8, 2013. Meanwhile, new SNPs are being announced or published almost every month. ISOGG’s role will be to maintain a tree that is as up-to-date as possible, allowing us to see where each new SNP fits in. 
  22. ^ Belli, Anne (January 18, 2005). "Moneymakers: Bennett Greenspan". Houston Chronicle. Pristupljeno June 14, 2013. Years of researching his family tree through records and documents revealed roots in Argentina, but he ran out of leads looking for his maternal great-grandfather. After hearing about new genetic testing at the University of Arizona, he persuaded a scientist there to test DNA samples from a known cousin in California and a suspected distant cousin in Buenos Aires. It was a match. But the real find was the idea for Family Tree DNA, which the former film salesman launched in early 2000 to provide the same kind of service for others searching for their ancestors. 
  23. ^ Lomax, John Nova (April 14, 2005). "Who's Your Daddy?". Houston Press. Pristupljeno June 14, 2013. A real estate developer and entrepreneur, Greenspan has been interested in genealogy since his preteen days. 
  24. ^ Capper, Russ (November 15, 2008). "Bennett Greenspan of". The BusinessMakers Radio Show. Pristupljeno June 14, 2013. 
  25. ^ Dardashti, Schelly Talalay (March 30, 2008). "When oral history meets genetics". The Jerusalem Post. Pristupljeno June 14, 2013. Greenspan, born and raised in Omaha, Nebraska, has been interested in genealogy from a very young age; he drew his first family tree at age 11. 
  26. ^ Gibbens, Pam (April 2006). "Talk of The Town – At Familytree DNA, it's all Relative". Greater Houston Weekly / Houston Chronicle. Pristupljeno February 15, 2012. 
  27. ^ Bradford, Nicole (24 Feb 2008). "Riding the 'genetic revolution'". Houston Business Journal. Pristupljeno 19 June 2013.  Provjerite vrijednost datuma kod: |date= (pomoć)
  28. ^ Larmuseau, Maarten (In press). "Towards a consensus Y-chromosomal phylogeny and Y-SNP set in forensics in the next-generation sequencing era". Forensic Science International: Genetics 15: 39–42. doi:10.1016/j.fsigen.2014.11.012.  Provjerite vrijednost datuma kod: |date= (pomoć)

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