Planulozoa

S Wikipedije, slobodne enciklopedije
Idi na navigaciju Idi na pretragu
Planulozoa
(Bazni kladus ParaHoxozoa)
Diverzitet planulozoa
Diverzitet planulozoa
Sistematika
Carstvo Animalia
Potcarstvo Eumetazoa

Bilateria/Triploblasts (nerangirano)

Planulozoa je predloženi bazni kladus ParaHoxozoa, ponekaad kao sestrinska grupa Placozoa, ali izvorno uključena u Placozoa.[1][2] U ovom drugom slučaju Planulozoa može biti viši sinonim za Parahoxozoa. Sadrži Cnidaria (morske krinove i meduze) i Bilateria (sve složenije životinje, uključujući pljosnate crve, insekte i kičmenjake). Placozoa je možda sestrinska grupa Cnidaria[3][4][5][6] ili – konvencionalnije – Planulozoa.[7]

Ova grana isključuje bazne životinje kao što su Ctenophora,[2][8][9] i Porifera (spužve).[10][11][12]

Filogenetsko stablo upućuje na otprilike koliko miliona godina, od kada su se njihove loze podelile. Ovdje se prikazuju Planulozoa.[13][14][15] Planulozoa su vezane za pojavu gena domena Zoc i ZF-NC.[16]

Choanozoa

Choanoflagellata Desmarella moniliformis.jpg

Animalia

Porifera Reef3859 - Flickr - NOAA Photo Library.jpg

Eumetazoa

Ctenophora Comb jelly.jpg

ParaHoxozoa

Placozoa Trichoplax adhaerens photograph.png

Planulozoa

Cnidaria Cauliflour Jellyfish, Cephea cephea at Marsa Shouna, Red Sea, Egypt SCUBA.jpg

Bilateria

Xenacoelomorpha Proporus sp.png

Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia

Chordata and allies Cyprinus carpio3.jpg

Echinodermata Portugal 20140812-DSC01434 (21371237591).jpg

Protostomia

Ecdysozoa Long nosed weevil edit.jpg

Spiralia Grapevinesnail 01.jpg

610 miliona godina
650 miliona godina
Triploblasts
680 miliona godina
760 miliona godina
950 miliona godina

Reference[uredi | uredi izvor]

  1. ^ Edgecombe, G. D.; Giribet, G. (15. 1. 2019), “Perspectives in Animal Phylogeny and Evolution”: A decade later (jezik: engleski), University of Padova Press, ISBN 9788869381409, pristupljeno 17. 7. 2019
  2. ^ a b Andreas Wallberg; Mikael Thollesson; James S. Farris; Ulf Jondelius (2004). "The phylogenetic position of the comb jellies (Ctenophora) and the importance of taxonomic sampling". Cladistics. 20 (6): 558–578. doi:10.1111/j.1096-0031.2004.00041.x.
  3. ^ Aleshin VV, Petrov NB (2002) Molecular evidence of regression in evolution of metazoa. Zh Obshch Biol 63(3):195-208
  4. ^ Laumer, Christopher E; Gruber-Vodicka, Harald; Hadfield, Michael G; Pearse, Vicki B; Riesgo, Ana; Marioni, John C; Giribet, Gonzalo (30. 10. 2018). "Support for a clade of Placozoa and Cnidaria in genes with minimal compositional bias". eLife (jezik: engleski). 7. doi:10.7554/elife.36278. ISSN 2050-084X. PMC 6277202. PMID 30373720.
  5. ^ Schuchert, Peter (1. 3. 1993). "Trichoplax adhaerens (Phylum Placozoa) has Cells that React with Antibodies Against the Neuropeptide RFamide". Acta Zoologica. 74 (2): 115–117. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6395.1993.tb01227.x.
  6. ^ Syed, Tareq; Schierwater, Bernd (1. 6. 2002). "The evolution of the placozoa: A new morphological model". Senckenbergiana Lethaea. 82 (1): 315–324. doi:10.1007/bf03043791. ISSN 0037-2110.
  7. ^ Eitel, Michael; Francis, Warren; Osigus, Hans-Jürgen; Krebs, Stefan; Vargas, Sergio; Blum, Helmut; Williams, Gray Argust; Schierwater, Bernd; Wörheide, Gert (13. 10. 2017). "A taxogenomics approach uncovers a new genus in the phylum Placozoa". bioRxiv: 202119. doi:10.1101/202119.
  8. ^ Andreas Hejnol & Mark Q. Martindale (2008). "Acoel development supports a simple planula-like urbilaterian". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. 363 (1496): 1493–1501. doi:10.1098/rstb.2007.2239. PMC 2614228. PMID 18192185.
  9. ^ Jaume Baguñà; Pere Martinez; Jordi Paps; Marta Riutort (2008). "Back in time: a new systematic proposal for the Bilateria". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. 363 (1496): 1481–1491. doi:10.1098/rstb.2007.2238. PMC 2615819. PMID 18192186.
  10. ^ Whelan, Nathan V.; Kocot, Kevin M.; Moroz, Tatiana P.; Mukherjee, Krishanu; Williams, Peter; Paulay, Gustav; Moroz, Leonid L.; Halanych, Kenneth M. (9. 10. 2017). "Ctenophore relationships and their placement as the sister group to all other animals". Nature Ecology & Evolution. 1 (11): 1737–1746. doi:10.1038/s41559-017-0331-3. ISSN 2397-334X. PMC 5664179. PMID 28993654.
  11. ^ C. Borchiellini; M. Manuel; E. Alivon; N. Boury-Esnault; J. Vacelet; Y. Le Parco (2001). "Sponge paraphyly and the origin of Metazoa". Journal of Evolutionary Biology. 14 (1): 171–179. doi:10.1046/j.1420-9101.2001.00244.x. PMID 29280585.
  12. ^ Pisani, Davide; Pett, Walker; Dohrmann, Martin; Feuda, Roberto; Rota-Stabelli, Omar; Philippe, Hervé; Lartillot, Nicolas; Wörheide, Gert (1. 12. 2015). "Genomic data do not support comb jellies as the sister group to all other animals". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 112 (50): 15402–15407. Bibcode:2015PNAS..11215402P. doi:10.1073/pnas.1518127112. PMC 4687580. PMID 26621703.
  13. ^ Peterson, Kevin J.; Cotton, James A.; Gehling, James G.; Pisani, Davide (27. 4. 2008). "The Ediacaran emergence of bilaterians: congruence between the genetic and the geological fossil records". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences. 363 (1496): 1435–1443. doi:10.1098/rstb.2007.2233. PMC 2614224. PMID 18192191.
  14. ^ Parfrey, Laura Wegener; Lahr, Daniel J. G.; Knoll, Andrew H.; Katz, Laura A. (16. 8. 2011). "Estimating the timing of early eukaryotic diversification with multigene molecular clocks". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 108 (33): 13624–13629. Bibcode:2011PNAS..10813624P. doi:10.1073/pnas.1110633108. PMC 3158185. PMID 21810989.
  15. ^ "Raising the Standard in Fossil Calibration". Fossil Calibration Database. Pristupljeno 3. 3. 2018.
  16. ^ Layden, Michael J. (2018), "Cnidarian Zic Genes", Zic family, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology (jezik: engleski), 1046, Springer, Singapore, str. 27–39, doi:10.1007/978-981-10-7311-3_2, ISBN 9789811073106, PMID 29442315

Vanjski linkovi[uredi | uredi izvor]