Trochozoa

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Trochozoa
(Predloženi kladus Lophotrochozoa)
Anelida Alitta succinea
Sistematika
Carstvo Animalia
Potcarstvo Eumetazoa
Natkoljeno Spiralia
Lophotrochozoa

Trochozoa predloženi kladus Lophotrochozoa, koji je sestinski sa Polyzoa. Kladus uključuje životinje iz pet koljena:

Spiralia

Gnathifera

Platytrochozoa
Rouphozoa

Gastrotricha

Platyhelminthes

Lophotrochozoa
Trochozoa
Brachiozoa

Brachiopoda

Phoronida

Mollusca

Annelida

Echiura

Clitellata

Siboglinidae

Sipuncula

Nemertea

Polyzoa

Entoprocta

Cycliophora

Bryozoa/Ectoprocta

Reference[uredi | uredi izvor]

  1. ^ Paps, Jordi; Baguñà, Jaume; Riutort, Marta (2009-10-01). "Bilaterian Phylogeny: A Broad Sampling of 13 Nuclear Genes Provides a New Lophotrochozoa Phylogeny and Supports a Paraphyletic Basal Acoelomorpha". Molecular Biology and Evolution (jezik: engleski). 26 (10): 2397–2406. doi:10.1093/molbev/msp150. ISSN 0737-4038. PMID 19602542.
  2. ^ Struck, Torsten H.; Schult, Nancy; Kusen, Tiffany; Hickman, Emily; Bleidorn, Christoph; McHugh, Damhnait; Halanych, Kenneth M. (2007-01-01). "Annelid phylogeny and the status of Sipuncula and Echiura". BMC Evolutionary Biology. 7: 57. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-7-57. ISSN 1471-2148. PMC 1855331. PMID 17411434.
  3. ^ Hausdorf, Bernhard; Helmkampf, Martin; Meyer, Achim; Witek, Alexander; Herlyn, Holger; Bruchhaus, Iris; Hankeln, Thomas; Struck, Torsten H.; Lieb, Bernhard (2007-12-01). "Spiralian Phylogenomics Supports the Resurrection of Bryozoa Comprising Ectoprocta and Entoprocta". Molecular Biology and Evolution (jezik: engleski). 24 (12): 2723–2729. doi:10.1093/molbev/msm214. ISSN 0737-4038. PMID 17921486.
  4. ^ Struck, Torsten H.; Wey-Fabrizius, Alexandra R.; Golombek, Anja; Hering, Lars; Weigert, Anne; Bleidorn, Christoph; Klebow, Sabrina; Iakovenko, Nataliia; Hausdorf, Bernhard (2014-07-01). "Platyzoan Paraphyly Based on Phylogenomic Data Supports a Noncoelomate Ancestry of Spiralia". Molecular Biology and Evolution (jezik: engleski). 31 (7): 1833–1849. doi:10.1093/molbev/msu143. ISSN 0737-4038. PMID 24748651.
  5. ^ "Cycliophorans - Cycliophora - Details - Encyclopedia of Life". Encyclopedia of Life (jezik: engleski). Pristupljeno 2017-09-02.
  6. ^ "Introduction to the Lophotrochozoa". www.ucmp.berkeley.edu. Pristupljeno 2017-09-02.
  7. ^ "The "Lophophorates" Phylum Bryozoa Phylum Phoronida Phylum Brachiopoda - ppt video online download". slideplayer.com. Pristupljeno 2017-09-02.