Spisak sistema taksonomije biljaka

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Pionirski objavio je Linnaeus u djelu Systema Naturae, Leiden, 1735

Ovaj spisak sistema taksonomije biljaka predstavlja "takonomske sisteme" koji su primjenjivani u klasifikaciji biljaka, tokom minulih epoha razvoja taksonomije.

Termin taksonomski sistem je koherentna cjelina prosudbi taksonomije o opisivanju i postavljanju razmatranih taksona. To je samo "sistem" ako se primijeni na velikoj grupi takvih taksona (naprimjer, na svim cvjetnicama).

Za ovu listu postoje dva glavna kriterija. Sistem mora biti taksonomski, koji se bavi mnogim biljkama i njihovim botaničkim imenima. Drugo, to mora biti sistem, tj. baviti sistematskim odnosima biljaka. Iako su razmišljanja o odnosima biljaka započela mnogo ranije (vidi Historija sistematike biljaka), takvi su sistemi zaista nastali tek u 19. stoljeću, kao rezultat sve većeg priliva novonastalih taksona, otkrivenih širom svijeta. U 18. stoljeću postojali su neki rani pokušaji, koji su možda prekursorni, a ne puni taksonomski sistemi. Miljokazni događaj bio je objavljivanje Linnaeusove knjige „Species Plantarum koja služi kao polazna tačka binarne nomenklatute za biljke. Po svojoj veličini ovo bi se moglo kvalificirati na ovoj listi, ali ne bavi se odnosima, nego raspoređivanjem biljaka u rodove. Treba imati na umu da sistem nije nužno monolitan i često prolazi kroz nekoliko faza razvoja što rezultira u nekoliko njegovih verzija. Kada se sistem široko usvoji, mnogi će autori usvojiti sopstvenu posebnu verziju sistema. Cronquistov system je dobro poznat u mnogim verzijama.

Hronologija sistema[uredi | uredi izvor]

Prelineovski[uredi | uredi izvor]

Od Linnaeusa do Darwina[uredi | uredi izvor]

  • Lineovski sistemi
    Systema Naturae, 1. izdanje, 1735.
    10. Izdanje Systema Naturae, 1758 (vol. 1), 1759 (vol. 2). Početak zoološke nomenklature
    Species Plantarum, 1753. Početak botaničke nomenklature.
    Genera Plantarum, 1737. (1. izdanje), 1753. (5. izdanje).
    Philosophia Botanica, 1751.
  • Adansonov sistem
    Familles naturelles des plantes, 1763.
  • de Jussieuov sistem
    Antoine Laurent de Jussieu (1789). Genera Plantarum, secundum ordines naturales disposita juxta methodum in Horto Regio Parisiensi exaratam.
    (raspoloživo online na linku Gallica)
  • de Candolleov sistem
    [1]
    (dostupno online na linku Gallica)
  • Berchtoldov i Preslov sistem
    Berchtoldov i Preslov. O Prirozenosti Rostlin, 1820.
  • Dumortierov sistem
    [2]
  • Lindleyov sistem
    [3]
    (dostupno online na linku BHL)
    [4]
    (dostupno online na linku BHL)
  • Bentham-Hookerov sistem
    [5]
    (dostupno online na linku Gallica)
  • Baillonov sistem
    [6]

Postdarvinski – filetički[uredi | uredi izvor]

Ostali sistemi[uredi | uredi izvor]

Reference[uredi | uredi izvor]

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  41. ^ Aaron Goldberg (1986). "Classification, Evolution and Phylogeny of the Families of Dicotyledons". Smithsonian Contributions to Botany. 58 (58): 1–314. doi:10.5479/si.0081024x.58. (available online: Full text (PDF)
  42. ^ here) [there is also a comparison among 11 Dicotyledons systems since 1960 until 1985]
  43. ^ Aaron Goldberg (1989). "Classification, Evolution and Phylogeny of the Families of Monocotyledons". Smithsonian Contributions to Botany. 71 (71): 1–73. doi:10.5479/si.0081024x.71.
  44. ^ Klaus Kubitzki & al.; (1990 ongoing). The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants.
  45. ^ Reveal System of Classification 1997
  46. ^ Judd, Walter S. (2008). Plant systematics: a phylogenetic approach. 3rd ed. Sinauer Associates. ISBN 978-0-87893-407-2. Pristupljeno 29. 1. 2014.
  47. ^ Judd, Walter S. (2016). Plant systematics: a phylogenetic approach. 4th ed. Sinauer Associates. ISBN 978-1-60535-389-0. Arhivirano s originala, 25. 12. 2016. Pristupljeno 24. 12. 2016.
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  51. ^ APG (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 399–436. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x.
  52. ^ APG IV (2016). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 181 (1): 1–20. doi:10.1111/boj.12385.

Vanjski linkovi[uredi | uredi izvor]

Bibliografija[uredi | uredi izvor]

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