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Jean-Jacques Rousseau

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Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Rođenje (1712-06-28) 28. juni 1712.
Ženeva, Republika Ženeva
Smrt2. juli 1778(1778-07-02) (66 godina)
Ermenonville, Picardy, Kraljevina Francuska
ZanimanjeFilozof, pisac i kompozitor
JezikFrancuski
Poznata djela
Suprug(a)Thérèse Levasseur

Jean-Jacques Rousseau (Žan Žak Ruso 28. juni 1712 Ženeva - 2. juli 1778), bio je švicarsko-francuski filozof, pisac, politički teoretičar[1] i samouki kompozitor iz doba prosvjetiteljstva. Bio je najuticajniji filozof prosvjetiteljstva koji je smatrao da je savremena kultura negacija prirode i zato je govorio da se ljudi trebaju vratiti prirodi - slobodi i jednakosti. Smatrao je da je nejednakost nastala sa privatnom imovinom, a država ugovorom. Za njega, kao prosvjetitelja, odgoj je bio temelj društva.

Neizmjeran uticaj je ostavio tako jer je bio prvi pravi filozof romantizma, koji je utjecao na napredak doba prosvjetiteljstva širom Evrope, kao i na aspekte Francuske revolucije i razvoj moderne političke, ekonomske i obrazovne misli.[2]

Prvi je koji pominje mnoge teme koje su dominirale intelektualnim životom narednih stotinu godina, kao što su: uzdizanje osjećanja i nevinosti i umanjivanje značaja intelekta; izgubljeno jedinstvo ljudskog roda i prirode; dinamična koncepcija ljudske historije i njenih različitih nivoa; vjera u teologiju i mogućnosti obnavljanja iščezle slobode.

Njegova politička filozofija istaknuta u djelima O porijeklu nejednakosti i Društveni ugovor su kamen temeljac moderne političke i društvene misli. Rousseauov sentimentalni roman Nova Eloiza (1761) bio je važan za razvoj predromantizma i romantizma u fikciji.[3][4] Njegovo djelo Emil, ili o vaspitanju (1762.) je obrazovna rasprava o mjestu pojedinca u društvu. Autobiografski spisi — posthumno objavljene Ispovjesti (napisane 1769) započele su modernu autobiografiju, i nedovršeno djelo Sanjarije usamljenog šetača (nastale 1776–1778) — predstavljaju primjer „Doba senzibiliteta“ iz kasnog 18. vijeka i povećan fokus na subjektivnost i introspekciju koja je kasnije obilježila moderno pisanje.

Djela[uredi | uredi izvor]

Također pogledajte[uredi | uredi izvor]

Reference[uredi | uredi izvor]

  1. ^ "Jean-Jacques Rousseau | Swiss-born French philosopher". Encyclopedia Britannica. Pristupljeno 5. 6. 2016.
  2. ^ Jean-Jacques Rousseau Arhivirano 14. 4. 2021. na Wayback Machine, in the Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  3. ^ "Preromanticism Criticism". Enotes. Arhivirano s originala, 6. 4. 2010. Pristupljeno 23. 2. 2009.
  4. ^ Darnton, Robert, "6. Readers Respond to Rousseau: The Fabrication of Romantic Sensitivity", The Great Cat Massacre for some interesting examples of contemporary reactions to this novel.

Vanjski linkovi[uredi | uredi izvor]

Dodatna literatura[uredi | uredi izvor]

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  • Garrard, Graeme (2021). "Children of the State: Rousseau's Republican Educational Theory and Child Abandonment," Educational History, Vol. 50, No. 2, str. 147–160.
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  • Kanzler, Peter. The Leviathan (1651), The Two Treatises of Government (1689), The Social Contract (1762), The Constitution of Pennsylvania (1776), 2020. ISBN 978-1-716-89340-7
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  • Christopher Kelly, Rousseau as Author, University of Chicago Press, 2003.
  • Kitsikis, Dimitri (2006). Jean-Jacques Rousseau et les origines françaises du fascisme. Nantes: Ars Magna Editions
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  • Lange, Lynda (2002). Feminist Interpretations of Jean-Jacques Rousseau. University Park: Penn State University Press
  • Maguire, Matthew (2006). The Conversion of the Imagination: from Pascal through Rousseau to Tocqueville. Harvard University Press
  • Marks, Jonathan (2005). Perfection and Disharmony in the Thought of Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
  • Masters, Roger (ed.), 1964. The First and Second Discourses by Jean-Jacques Rousseau, translated by Roger D Masters and Judith R Masters. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0-312-69440-1
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  • Christie McDonald and Stanley Hoffman (eds.), Rousseau and Freedom, Cambridge University Press, 2010.
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  • Paiva, Wilson (2019). Discussing human connectivity in Rousseau as a pedagogical issue. Article available at: Arhivirano 16. 11. 2021. na Wayback Machine
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